IntroductionElderly people are the most rapidly growing age group in the overall population (Cohen, ). As this population increases, changes in oral and maxillofacial diseases are also emerging, and dentists are being asked to address these problems. Common oral and maxillofacial dysfunctions associated with aging are salivary gland hypofunction (dry mouth), chronic oral mucosal pain disorders (burning mouth symptoms), taste disorders (taste disturbances), swallowing disorders (dysphagia), and oral and maxillofacial movement disorders (oromandibular dyskinesia and dystonia). It is noteworthy that all of these refractory oral and maxillofacial conditions commonly found in the frail elderly population are mainly oral medicinal problems. It is also important to understand that these dysfunctions can be resulted from multiple diseases and medications and share common etiological factors. Thus, these dysfunctions do not exist in isolation; together, they create a vicious cycle that results in functional frailty in the oral and maxillofacial area. Considering all of these characteristics, these dysfunctions could be better appreciated by applying the concept of geriatric syndrome (Inouye et al, ), which has been introduced as a new approach to explain common geriatric symptoms. In this review, these common oral and maxillofacial dysfunctions in elderly population were examined and explained using the
Oral Diseases – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ;
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