Genome‐wide identification of urinary cell‐free microRNAs for non‐invasive detection of bladder cancer

Genome‐wide identification of urinary cell‐free microRNAs for non‐invasive detection of... Urinary microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as clinically useful tool for early and non‐invasive detection of various types of cancer including bladder cancer (BCA). In this study, 205 patients with BCA and 99 healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Expression profiles of urinary miRNAs were obtained using Affymetrix miRNA microarrays (2578 miRNAs) and candidate miRNAs further validated in independent cohorts using qRT‐PCR. Whole‐genome profiling identified 76 miRNAs with significantly different concentrations in urine of BCA compared to controls (P < 0.01). In the training and independent validation phase of the study, miR‐31‐5p, miR‐93‐5p and miR‐191‐5p were confirmed to have significantly higher levels in urine of patients with BCA in comparison with controls (P < 0.01). We further established 2‐miRNA‐based urinary DxScore (miR‐93‐5p, miR‐31‐5p) enabling sensitive BCA detection with AUC being 0.84 and 0.81 in the training and validation phase, respectively. Moreover, DxScore significantly differed in the various histopathological subgroups of BCA and decreased post‐operatively. In conclusion, we identified and independently validated cell‐free urinary miRNAs as promising biomarkers enabling non‐invasive detection of BCA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine Wiley

Genome‐wide identification of urinary cell‐free microRNAs for non‐invasive detection of bladder cancer

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine
ISSN
1582-1838
eISSN
1582-4934
D.O.I.
10.1111/jcmm.13487
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Urinary microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as clinically useful tool for early and non‐invasive detection of various types of cancer including bladder cancer (BCA). In this study, 205 patients with BCA and 99 healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Expression profiles of urinary miRNAs were obtained using Affymetrix miRNA microarrays (2578 miRNAs) and candidate miRNAs further validated in independent cohorts using qRT‐PCR. Whole‐genome profiling identified 76 miRNAs with significantly different concentrations in urine of BCA compared to controls (P < 0.01). In the training and independent validation phase of the study, miR‐31‐5p, miR‐93‐5p and miR‐191‐5p were confirmed to have significantly higher levels in urine of patients with BCA in comparison with controls (P < 0.01). We further established 2‐miRNA‐based urinary DxScore (miR‐93‐5p, miR‐31‐5p) enabling sensitive BCA detection with AUC being 0.84 and 0.81 in the training and validation phase, respectively. Moreover, DxScore significantly differed in the various histopathological subgroups of BCA and decreased post‐operatively. In conclusion, we identified and independently validated cell‐free urinary miRNAs as promising biomarkers enabling non‐invasive detection of BCA.

Journal

Journal of Cellular and Molecular MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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