MACEDONIA—A CROSSROADS OF THE BALKANSMacedonia is a small European country situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula and it borders other countries in the peninsula—Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, and Kosovo (Figure ). It covers a surface area of about 25.713 km2 and the landscape is predominantly hilly and mountainous. Macedonia gained its independence as one of the six Yugoslav republics in 1992, and today, most of its citizens perceive the aspiration for further development in the European integration processes.Geolocation of Macedonia in the heart of Balkan PeninsulaUnder the latest estimation of December 2015, the total population of the country is 2 071 278 inhabitants (Statistics, ). The population is multi‐ethnic and according to the last census in 2002 (Statistics, ), most of the population (about 64%) declared themselves as Macedonians, while the other ethnic groups included Albanians, Turks, Roma, Serbs, Bosniaks, and Vlachs (Table ). Most of the inhabitants (Macedonians, Serbs, Vlachs) are Orthodox Christians and the second major group (Albanians, Turks, Bosniaks) belongs to the Muslim religion.Population in Macedonia according to ethnic distributionTotal (%)Macedonians (%)Albanians (%)Turks (%)Roma (%)Serbs (%)Bosniaks (%)Vlachs (%)Other (%)2022547 (100)1297981 (64.2)509083 (25.2)77959 (3.9)53879 (2.8)35939 (1.8)17018 (0.8)9695 (0.5)20993 (1)Despite the modern trends coming from Western cultures, the traditional way of
Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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