Gender differences in the contributions of risk factors to depressive symptoms among the elderly persons dwelling in a community, Japan

Gender differences in the contributions of risk factors to depressive symptoms among the elderly... Objective To examine the relative importance of risk factors associated with depressive symptoms and gender differences in exposure to the risk factors among the elderly persons living in the community. Methods The data came from the Minamifurano‐town Aging Study, a community‐based sample of non‐institutionalized elderly persons aged 65 years or older. Of the 731 eligible subjects, 665 were assessed for four domains of the potential risk factors (demographic characteristics, health and disability, stress, and social networks) and depressive symptoms according to the 30‐item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Results The mean overall GDS‐score was 10.9 (SD 6.2), 10.2 (SD 6.0) in men and 11.6 (SD 6.4) in women. The stress domain in men and the health and disability domain in women contributed most to the explanation of the variation in the GDS‐score. Conclusion ‘Stress’ for men and ‘health and disability status’ for women were important factors associated with depressive symptoms. Future studies should determine whether modification of these factors may prevent depression among the elderly persons living in the community. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Wiley

Gender differences in the contributions of risk factors to depressive symptoms among the elderly persons dwelling in a community, Japan

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
0885-6230
eISSN
1099-1166
DOI
10.1002/gps.1403
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective To examine the relative importance of risk factors associated with depressive symptoms and gender differences in exposure to the risk factors among the elderly persons living in the community. Methods The data came from the Minamifurano‐town Aging Study, a community‐based sample of non‐institutionalized elderly persons aged 65 years or older. Of the 731 eligible subjects, 665 were assessed for four domains of the potential risk factors (demographic characteristics, health and disability, stress, and social networks) and depressive symptoms according to the 30‐item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Results The mean overall GDS‐score was 10.9 (SD 6.2), 10.2 (SD 6.0) in men and 11.6 (SD 6.4) in women. The stress domain in men and the health and disability domain in women contributed most to the explanation of the variation in the GDS‐score. Conclusion ‘Stress’ for men and ‘health and disability status’ for women were important factors associated with depressive symptoms. Future studies should determine whether modification of these factors may prevent depression among the elderly persons living in the community. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Journal

International Journal of Geriatric PsychiatryWiley

Published: Nov 1, 2005

References

  • The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging
    Bruce, Bruce; Seeman, Seeman; Merrill, Merrill; Blazer, Blazer
  • Depressive symptoms and self‐rated health in community‐dwelling older adults: a longitudinal study
    Han, Han
  • Functional status and active life expectancy among senior citizens in a small town in Japan
    Konno, Konno; Katsumata, Katsumata; Arai, Arai; Tamashiro, Tamashiro
  • Depressive disorders among the Chinese elderly in a suburban community
    Lu, Lu; Liu, Liu; Yu, Yu
  • Validating the GDS depression screen in the nursing home
    McGivney, McGivney; Mulvihill, Mulvihill; Taylor, Taylor

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