Abstract: The effects of ganglioside supplementation of culture medium on monoamine oxidase (MAO) type A and B activities in a rat clonal pheochromocytoma cell line, PC12h, were examined. The MAO activity in PC12h cells proved to be mainly due to type A MAO, and type B MAO activity was negligible. After supplementation of the culture medium with ganglioside GM1, the PC 12 cells were found to express type B MAO activity after 4 days of culture, and the amount of type B activity increased with the number of days of culture. After 3 weeks of culture in the presence of GM1, type B activity was about 10% of the total, whereas in control cells type B MAO activity was only about 0.6% of the total. By kinetic analyses of type A and B MAO in PC12h cells after 3 weeks of culture, the increase of type B MAO activity was found to be due to the increase in amount of type B MAO; the Km values were almost the same and only the Vmax values were increased in the cells supplemented with GM1. Among gangliosides tested GM1 was the most effective in causing expression of type B MAO activity, whereas nerve growth factor was not effective. These results suggest that GM1 and other gangliosides may be involved in the expression of type B MAO in nerve cells and in the regulation of levels of the biogenic amines in the brain.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 1987
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