The alteration of polypeptide synthesis was evaluated with microsomes isolated from anoxic rabbit, hypoxic rat and ischemic gerbil brains to estimate the extent of functional or structural changes in polyribosomes in situ and the extent of artifact during tissue preparation. By using two‐stage experimentation with combination of control and pathological microsomes and supernatant, it was found that the previously observed effects on microsomal or polyribosomal polypeptide synthesis in the above pathophysiological conditions were mainly the reflection of the alteration of polyribosomes in situ rather than the artifact during tissue preparation by degradative processes. In support of this finding. the use of inhibitors of degradative enzymes did not significantly protect microsomes either in normal or in pathological conditions. It was noted that the decline of tissue pH, to a certain extent, could be correlated with dysfunction of polyribosomes both in situ and during tissue preparation in cerebral hypoxia and anoxia. Since there is little change in ATP level, it was postulated that the alteration of pH in situ is responsible for the observed suppression of polypeptide synthesis in vitro at least in cerebral hypoxia. This hypothesis was supported by the subsequent experiments with incubation of brain slices and homogenization of brain tissue under various pH. It was emphasized that the environmental biochemical elements surrounding polyribosomes in cytoplasm should be evaluated as possible contributing factors for polyribosomal dysfunction in such pathological conditions as cerebral anoxia, hypoxia or ischemia if the alteration of energy state does not explain the phenomenon entirely.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 1978
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera