FURTHER EVALUATION OF POLYPEPTIDE SYNTHESIS IN CEREBRAL ANOXIA, HYPOXIA AND ISCHEMIA

FURTHER EVALUATION OF POLYPEPTIDE SYNTHESIS IN CEREBRAL ANOXIA, HYPOXIA AND ISCHEMIA The alteration of polypeptide synthesis was evaluated with microsomes isolated from anoxic rabbit, hypoxic rat and ischemic gerbil brains to estimate the extent of functional or structural changes in polyribosomes in situ and the extent of artifact during tissue preparation. By using two‐stage experimentation with combination of control and pathological microsomes and supernatant, it was found that the previously observed effects on microsomal or polyribosomal polypeptide synthesis in the above pathophysiological conditions were mainly the reflection of the alteration of polyribosomes in situ rather than the artifact during tissue preparation by degradative processes. In support of this finding. the use of inhibitors of degradative enzymes did not significantly protect microsomes either in normal or in pathological conditions. It was noted that the decline of tissue pH, to a certain extent, could be correlated with dysfunction of polyribosomes both in situ and during tissue preparation in cerebral hypoxia and anoxia. Since there is little change in ATP level, it was postulated that the alteration of pH in situ is responsible for the observed suppression of polypeptide synthesis in vitro at least in cerebral hypoxia. This hypothesis was supported by the subsequent experiments with incubation of brain slices and homogenization of brain tissue under various pH. It was emphasized that the environmental biochemical elements surrounding polyribosomes in cytoplasm should be evaluated as possible contributing factors for polyribosomal dysfunction in such pathological conditions as cerebral anoxia, hypoxia or ischemia if the alteration of energy state does not explain the phenomenon entirely. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurochemistry Wiley

FURTHER EVALUATION OF POLYPEPTIDE SYNTHESIS IN CEREBRAL ANOXIA, HYPOXIA AND ISCHEMIA

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/further-evaluation-of-polypeptide-synthesis-in-cerebral-anoxia-hypoxia-Tc9LgEIax1
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1978 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0022-3042
eISSN
1471-4159
DOI
10.1111/j.1471-4159.1978.tb06252.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The alteration of polypeptide synthesis was evaluated with microsomes isolated from anoxic rabbit, hypoxic rat and ischemic gerbil brains to estimate the extent of functional or structural changes in polyribosomes in situ and the extent of artifact during tissue preparation. By using two‐stage experimentation with combination of control and pathological microsomes and supernatant, it was found that the previously observed effects on microsomal or polyribosomal polypeptide synthesis in the above pathophysiological conditions were mainly the reflection of the alteration of polyribosomes in situ rather than the artifact during tissue preparation by degradative processes. In support of this finding. the use of inhibitors of degradative enzymes did not significantly protect microsomes either in normal or in pathological conditions. It was noted that the decline of tissue pH, to a certain extent, could be correlated with dysfunction of polyribosomes both in situ and during tissue preparation in cerebral hypoxia and anoxia. Since there is little change in ATP level, it was postulated that the alteration of pH in situ is responsible for the observed suppression of polypeptide synthesis in vitro at least in cerebral hypoxia. This hypothesis was supported by the subsequent experiments with incubation of brain slices and homogenization of brain tissue under various pH. It was emphasized that the environmental biochemical elements surrounding polyribosomes in cytoplasm should be evaluated as possible contributing factors for polyribosomal dysfunction in such pathological conditions as cerebral anoxia, hypoxia or ischemia if the alteration of energy state does not explain the phenomenon entirely.

Journal

Journal of NeurochemistryWiley

Published: Nov 1, 1978

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off