Functionalized PVA–silk blended nanofibrous mats promote diabetic wound healing via regulation of extracellular matrix and tissue remodelling

Functionalized PVA–silk blended nanofibrous mats promote diabetic wound healing via regulation... Chronic cutaneous ulcers, a complex pathophysiological diabetic condition, represent a critical clinical challenge in the current diabetes mellitus pandemic. Consequently, there is a compelling need for bioactive dressings that can trigger healing processes for complete wound repair. Silk fibroin (SF), a natural protein polymer from mulberry and non‐mulberry silkworms, has properties that support accelerated wound healing rate. SF from non‐mulberry variety possesses additional cell‐binding motifs (arginine, glycine, and aspartate), offering cell–material interactions. This study is aimed to investigate wound healing efficacy of dressings made up of various SF varieties blended with poly(vinyl alcohol) biopolymer in alloxan‐induced diabetic rabbit model. The nanofibrous mats have been developed using electrospinning and functionalized with growth factors and LL‐37 antimicrobial peptide for sustained delivery. Following post 14‐day treatment, non‐mulberry SF (NMSF)‐based dressings healed the wounds faster, in comparison with their mulberry Bombyx mori SF, poly(vinyl alcohol), and control counterparts (p < .01). NMSF‐based dressings also supported faster granulation tissue development, angiogenesis, and reepithelialization of wounds. Gene expression study of matrix metalloproteinases and collagen proteins affirmed higher extent of tissue remodelling during the repair process. Furthermore, there was organized extracellular matrix deposition (collagen type I, collagen type III, elastin, and reticulin) and higher wound breaking strength in NMSF compared with other groups after 4 weeks. These results validated the potential of NMSF‐based bioactive dressings to regulate extracellular matrix deposition leading to faster and complete repair of chronic diabetic cutaneous wounds. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Wiley

Functionalized PVA–silk blended nanofibrous mats promote diabetic wound healing via regulation of extracellular matrix and tissue remodelling

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/functionalized-pva-silk-blended-nanofibrous-mats-promote-diabetic-nVREY1jI0S
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
1932-6254
eISSN
1932-7005
D.O.I.
10.1002/term.2581
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chronic cutaneous ulcers, a complex pathophysiological diabetic condition, represent a critical clinical challenge in the current diabetes mellitus pandemic. Consequently, there is a compelling need for bioactive dressings that can trigger healing processes for complete wound repair. Silk fibroin (SF), a natural protein polymer from mulberry and non‐mulberry silkworms, has properties that support accelerated wound healing rate. SF from non‐mulberry variety possesses additional cell‐binding motifs (arginine, glycine, and aspartate), offering cell–material interactions. This study is aimed to investigate wound healing efficacy of dressings made up of various SF varieties blended with poly(vinyl alcohol) biopolymer in alloxan‐induced diabetic rabbit model. The nanofibrous mats have been developed using electrospinning and functionalized with growth factors and LL‐37 antimicrobial peptide for sustained delivery. Following post 14‐day treatment, non‐mulberry SF (NMSF)‐based dressings healed the wounds faster, in comparison with their mulberry Bombyx mori SF, poly(vinyl alcohol), and control counterparts (p < .01). NMSF‐based dressings also supported faster granulation tissue development, angiogenesis, and reepithelialization of wounds. Gene expression study of matrix metalloproteinases and collagen proteins affirmed higher extent of tissue remodelling during the repair process. Furthermore, there was organized extracellular matrix deposition (collagen type I, collagen type III, elastin, and reticulin) and higher wound breaking strength in NMSF compared with other groups after 4 weeks. These results validated the potential of NMSF‐based bioactive dressings to regulate extracellular matrix deposition leading to faster and complete repair of chronic diabetic cutaneous wounds.

Journal

Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative MedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial