Fall risk assessment tools for use among older adults in long‐term care settings: A systematic review of the literature

Fall risk assessment tools for use among older adults in long‐term care settings: A systematic... Practice Impact: Evidence‐based practice is crucial for fall risk assessment in long‐term care (LTC) facilities. This article provides an up‐to‐date summary and comparison of fall risk assessment tools tested for predictive validity in LTC and will impact on practice by aiding clinicians when choosing evidence‐based tools for this setting.IntroductionFalls have significant consequences for older adults including mortality, and fractures, and contribute to loss of confidence, pain, reduced mobility and dependence . This represents a major burden on the individual and the health‐care system, with up to 1.5% of the health‐care budgets in Australia used on costs related to falls .Fall rates for older adults are greatest in residential aged care facilities (RACFs), also known as nursing homes, residential care facilities or long‐term care (LTC) facilities, depending on country and setting. These facilities are for residents who require 24‐hour nursing care; therefore, for simplicity, the umbrella term of LTC will be used throughout this review. Rates of falls are one in two residents experiencing a fall in every six‐month period or 1.7 (0.6–3.6) falls per bed per year , a rate of approximately three times that in the community . Fall prevention in LTC is therefore recognised as a priority http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australasian Journal on Ageing Wiley

Fall risk assessment tools for use among older adults in long‐term care settings: A systematic review of the literature

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 AJA Inc.
ISSN
1440-6381
eISSN
1741-6612
D.O.I.
10.1111/ajag.12476
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Practice Impact: Evidence‐based practice is crucial for fall risk assessment in long‐term care (LTC) facilities. This article provides an up‐to‐date summary and comparison of fall risk assessment tools tested for predictive validity in LTC and will impact on practice by aiding clinicians when choosing evidence‐based tools for this setting.IntroductionFalls have significant consequences for older adults including mortality, and fractures, and contribute to loss of confidence, pain, reduced mobility and dependence . This represents a major burden on the individual and the health‐care system, with up to 1.5% of the health‐care budgets in Australia used on costs related to falls .Fall rates for older adults are greatest in residential aged care facilities (RACFs), also known as nursing homes, residential care facilities or long‐term care (LTC) facilities, depending on country and setting. These facilities are for residents who require 24‐hour nursing care; therefore, for simplicity, the umbrella term of LTC will be used throughout this review. Rates of falls are one in two residents experiencing a fall in every six‐month period or 1.7 (0.6–3.6) falls per bed per year , a rate of approximately three times that in the community . Fall prevention in LTC is therefore recognised as a priority

Journal

Australasian Journal on AgeingWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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