Conditioned medium (CM) is a new treatment modality in regenerative medicine and has shown a successful outcome in wound healing. We recently introduced extracellular matrix/stromal vascular fraction gel (ECM/SVF‐gel), an adipose‐derived stem cell and adipose native extracellular matrix‐enriched product for cytotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of CM from ECM/SVF‐gel (Gel‐CM) on wound healing compared with the conventional CM from adipose tissue (Adi‐CM) and stem cell (SVF‐CM). In vitro wound healing effect of three CMs on keratinocytes and fibroblasts was evaluated in terms of proliferation property, migratory property, and extracellular matrix production. In vivo, two full‐thickness wounds were created on the back of each mice. The wounds were randomly divided to receive Gel‐CM, Adi‐CM, SVF‐CM, and PBS injection. Histologic observations and collagen content of wound skin were made. Growth factors concentration in three CMs was further quantified. In vitro, Gel‐CM promoted the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes and fibroblasts and enhanced collagen I synthesis in fibroblasts compared to Adi‐CM and SVF‐CM. In vivo, wound closure was faster, and dermal and epidermal regeneration was improved in the Gel‐CM‐treated mice compared to that in Adi‐CM and SVF‐CM‐treated mice. Moreover, The growth factors concentration (i.e., vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, and transforming growth factor‐β) in Gel‐CM were significantly higher than those in Adi‐CM and SVF‐CM. Gel‐CM generated under serum free conditions significantly enhanced wound healing effect compared to Adi‐CM and SVF‐CM by accelerating cell proliferation, migration, and production of ECM. This improved trophic effect may be attributed to the higher growth factors concentration in Gel‐CM. Gel‐CM shows potential as a novel and promising alternative to skin wound healing treatment. But limitations include the safety and immunogenicity studies of Gel‐CM still remain to be clearly clarified and more data on mechanism study are needed.
Wound Repair and Regeneration – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2017
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