Experimental Constraints on the Fatigue of Icy Satellite Lithospheres by Tidal Forces

Experimental Constraints on the Fatigue of Icy Satellite Lithospheres by Tidal Forces Fatigue can cause materials that undergo cyclic loading to experience brittle failure at much lower stresses than under monotonic loading. We propose that the lithospheres of icy satellites could become fatigued and thus weakened by cyclical tidal stresses. To test this hypothesis, we performed a series of laboratory experiments to measure the fatigue of water ice at temperatures of 198 K and 233 K and at a loading frequency of 1 Hz. We find that ice is not susceptible to fatigue at our experimental conditions and that the brittle failure stress does not decrease with increasing number of loading cycles. Even though fatigue was not observed at our experimental conditions, colder temperatures, lower loading frequencies, and impurities in the ice shells of icy satellites may increase the likelihood of fatigue crack growth. We also explore other mechanisms that may explain the weak behavior of the lithospheres of some icy satellites. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets Wiley

Experimental Constraints on the Fatigue of Icy Satellite Lithospheres by Tidal Forces

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
2169-9097
eISSN
2169-9100
D.O.I.
10.1002/2017JE005464
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fatigue can cause materials that undergo cyclic loading to experience brittle failure at much lower stresses than under monotonic loading. We propose that the lithospheres of icy satellites could become fatigued and thus weakened by cyclical tidal stresses. To test this hypothesis, we performed a series of laboratory experiments to measure the fatigue of water ice at temperatures of 198 K and 233 K and at a loading frequency of 1 Hz. We find that ice is not susceptible to fatigue at our experimental conditions and that the brittle failure stress does not decrease with increasing number of loading cycles. Even though fatigue was not observed at our experimental conditions, colder temperatures, lower loading frequencies, and impurities in the ice shells of icy satellites may increase the likelihood of fatigue crack growth. We also explore other mechanisms that may explain the weak behavior of the lithospheres of some icy satellites.

Journal

Journal of Geophysical Research: PlanetsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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