Excitatory Amino Acid Receptors Coupled to the Nitric Oxide/Cyclic GMP Pathway in Rat Cerebellum During Development

Excitatory Amino Acid Receptors Coupled to the Nitric Oxide/Cyclic GMP Pathway in Rat Cerebellum... Abstract: The coupling of excitatory amino acid receptors to the formation of nitric oxide (NO) from arginine during the postnatal development of rat cerebellum was assayed in slice preparations by measuring cyclic GMP accumulation. In the immature tissue, N‐methyl‐D‐aspartate (NMDA) and glutamate were highly efficacious agonists, whereas α‐amino‐3‐hydroxy‐5‐methyl‐4‐isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) and quisqualate evoked only small responses. The effect of glutamate at all concentrations tested (up to 10 mM) was abolished by the NMDA antagonist, (+)‐5‐methyl‐10,11‐dihydro‐5H‐dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten‐5,10‐imine maleate (MK‐801). In adult slices, AMPA and quisqualate were much more effective and their effects were inhibited by 6‐cyano‐7‐nitroquinoxaline‐2,3‐dione, an antagonist for ionotropic non‐NMDA receptors, whereas the apparent efficacy of NMDA was greatly reduced. The major changes took place between 8 and 14 days postnatum and, in the case of NMDA, part of the loss of sensitivity appeared to reflect a decline in the ambient levels of glycine with age. Moreover, a component of the response to glutamate in the adult was resistant to MK‐801. Cyclic GMP accumulations induced by NMDA and non‐NMDA agonists alike were Ca2+‐dependent and could be antagonized by competitive NO synthase inhibitors in an arginine‐sensitive manner, indicating that they are all mediated by NO formation. With one of the inhibitors, L‐NG‐nitroarginine, a highly potent component (IC50= 6 nM) evident in slices from rats of up to 8 days old was lost during maturation, indicating that there may be a NO synthase isoform which is prominent only in the immature tissue. Cyclic GMP levels in adult slices under “basal” conditions were reduced markedly by blocking NMDA receptors, by inhibiting action potentials with tetrodotoxin, or by NO synthase inhibition, suggesting that the endogenous transmitter released during spontaneous synaptic activity acts mainly through NMDA receptors to trigger NO formation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurochemistry Wiley

Excitatory Amino Acid Receptors Coupled to the Nitric Oxide/Cyclic GMP Pathway in Rat Cerebellum During Development

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0022-3042
eISSN
1471-4159
DOI
10.1111/j.1471-4159.1991.tb03468.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract: The coupling of excitatory amino acid receptors to the formation of nitric oxide (NO) from arginine during the postnatal development of rat cerebellum was assayed in slice preparations by measuring cyclic GMP accumulation. In the immature tissue, N‐methyl‐D‐aspartate (NMDA) and glutamate were highly efficacious agonists, whereas α‐amino‐3‐hydroxy‐5‐methyl‐4‐isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) and quisqualate evoked only small responses. The effect of glutamate at all concentrations tested (up to 10 mM) was abolished by the NMDA antagonist, (+)‐5‐methyl‐10,11‐dihydro‐5H‐dibenzo(a,d)cyclohepten‐5,10‐imine maleate (MK‐801). In adult slices, AMPA and quisqualate were much more effective and their effects were inhibited by 6‐cyano‐7‐nitroquinoxaline‐2,3‐dione, an antagonist for ionotropic non‐NMDA receptors, whereas the apparent efficacy of NMDA was greatly reduced. The major changes took place between 8 and 14 days postnatum and, in the case of NMDA, part of the loss of sensitivity appeared to reflect a decline in the ambient levels of glycine with age. Moreover, a component of the response to glutamate in the adult was resistant to MK‐801. Cyclic GMP accumulations induced by NMDA and non‐NMDA agonists alike were Ca2+‐dependent and could be antagonized by competitive NO synthase inhibitors in an arginine‐sensitive manner, indicating that they are all mediated by NO formation. With one of the inhibitors, L‐NG‐nitroarginine, a highly potent component (IC50= 6 nM) evident in slices from rats of up to 8 days old was lost during maturation, indicating that there may be a NO synthase isoform which is prominent only in the immature tissue. Cyclic GMP levels in adult slices under “basal” conditions were reduced markedly by blocking NMDA receptors, by inhibiting action potentials with tetrodotoxin, or by NO synthase inhibition, suggesting that the endogenous transmitter released during spontaneous synaptic activity acts mainly through NMDA receptors to trigger NO formation.

Journal

Journal of NeurochemistryWiley

Published: Jun 1, 1991

References

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