Evaluative inference in social cognition: The roles of direct versus indirect evaluation and positive‐negative asymmetry

Evaluative inference in social cognition: The roles of direct versus indirect evaluation and... Various implications regarding evaluative inference in social cognition are derived from (a) a relativistic evaluative‐meaning concept dealing with evaluation as an interaction between descriptive attributes associated with the perceived object on the one side and evaluative standards belonging to the perceiver on the other side, and (b) a concept of evaluative positive‐negative asymmetry that completes and integrates more simple concepts regarding the halo effect, negativity effect, and positivity bias. In subsequent sections empirical support for those implications is provided from (a) a review of previous research on impression formation, and (b) two new experiments in which effects associated with positivity bias, negativity effect, halo effect and the supplements implied by the positive‐negative asymmetry concept were isolated from each other using a multifactorial ANOVA design. The results showed strong halo effects and positivity biases. Room for negativity effects was left only under very specific conditions which, however, were consistent with the positive‐negative asymmetry concept. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Social Psychology Wiley

Evaluative inference in social cognition: The roles of direct versus indirect evaluation and positive‐negative asymmetry

European Journal of Social Psychology, Volume 21 (2) – Mar 1, 1991

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
ISSN
0046-2772
eISSN
1099-0992
DOI
10.1002/ejsp.2420210204
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Various implications regarding evaluative inference in social cognition are derived from (a) a relativistic evaluative‐meaning concept dealing with evaluation as an interaction between descriptive attributes associated with the perceived object on the one side and evaluative standards belonging to the perceiver on the other side, and (b) a concept of evaluative positive‐negative asymmetry that completes and integrates more simple concepts regarding the halo effect, negativity effect, and positivity bias. In subsequent sections empirical support for those implications is provided from (a) a review of previous research on impression formation, and (b) two new experiments in which effects associated with positivity bias, negativity effect, halo effect and the supplements implied by the positive‐negative asymmetry concept were isolated from each other using a multifactorial ANOVA design. The results showed strong halo effects and positivity biases. Room for negativity effects was left only under very specific conditions which, however, were consistent with the positive‐negative asymmetry concept.

Journal

European Journal of Social PsychologyWiley

Published: Mar 1, 1991

References

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