INTRODUCTIONThe most common risk factors of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and hypertension. Preventing chronic kidney disease and early diagnosis of kidney damage are an important goal in primary health care. According to the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, the number of Korean patients with chronic kidney disease increased by 37.1%, and total medical expenses increased by 47.6%, from 2006 to 2010. The average annual growth rate for the 5‐year period is of about 8.2% and 10.2%, respectively. According to the 2012 data, the total expenses for medical treatment of patients with end‐stage renal failure is similar to those of all cancer patients, and the expenses of medical treatment per patient are the highest among all diseases. Therefore, in patients with a high potential risk of kidney function, it is essential to periodically monitor the kidney function and to treat the progressive slowing down of the renal function as early as possible. An increased excretion of urinary protein, especially albumin, is an early finding of renal damage, and measurement of urinary albumin has been a useful marker for diagnosis and follow‐up of renal failure with estimated glomerular filtration rate. The urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) test is also
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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