Error‐related brain activity and anxiety symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder

Error‐related brain activity and anxiety symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder IntroductionApproximately 40% of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) meet criteria for an anxiety disorder [van Steensel, Bögels, & Perrin, ], leading to increased distress and impairment [e.g., Kerns, Newschaffer, & Berkowitz, ]. Symptoms of generalized anxiety (GAD), obsessive‐compulsive (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD), are often characteristic of anxiety in ASD [Hallett et al., ; Kerns, Kendall, Wood, & Storch, ]. In non‐ASD samples, these symptoms are associated with a larger error‐related negativity [ERN; e.g., Kujawa et al., ; Weinberg, Riesel, et al., ], an event‐related potential (ERP) in the scalp‐derived electroencephalogram (EEG) that is thought to reflect endogenous threat sensitivity [Weinberg, Klein, & Hajcak, ] or decreased cognitive control due to worry [Moser, Moran, Schroder, Donnellan, & Yeung, ]. Examining the relation of the ERN to anxiety symptoms can help clarify the role of threat sensitivity in the phenotypic profile of anxiety in ASD populations. However, results of extant research on the ERN and anxiety in ASD are highly variable [Hüpen, Groen, Gaastra, Tucha, & Tucha, ]. This may be due, in part, to a focus on broad measures of anxiety, rather than the specific symptoms likely to be associated with the ERN. In addition, factors known http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Autism Research Wiley

Error‐related brain activity and anxiety symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
1939-3792
eISSN
1939-3806
D.O.I.
10.1002/aur.1898
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionApproximately 40% of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) meet criteria for an anxiety disorder [van Steensel, Bögels, & Perrin, ], leading to increased distress and impairment [e.g., Kerns, Newschaffer, & Berkowitz, ]. Symptoms of generalized anxiety (GAD), obsessive‐compulsive (OCD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD), are often characteristic of anxiety in ASD [Hallett et al., ; Kerns, Kendall, Wood, & Storch, ]. In non‐ASD samples, these symptoms are associated with a larger error‐related negativity [ERN; e.g., Kujawa et al., ; Weinberg, Riesel, et al., ], an event‐related potential (ERP) in the scalp‐derived electroencephalogram (EEG) that is thought to reflect endogenous threat sensitivity [Weinberg, Klein, & Hajcak, ] or decreased cognitive control due to worry [Moser, Moran, Schroder, Donnellan, & Yeung, ]. Examining the relation of the ERN to anxiety symptoms can help clarify the role of threat sensitivity in the phenotypic profile of anxiety in ASD populations. However, results of extant research on the ERN and anxiety in ASD are highly variable [Hüpen, Groen, Gaastra, Tucha, & Tucha, ]. This may be due, in part, to a focus on broad measures of anxiety, rather than the specific symptoms likely to be associated with the ERN. In addition, factors known

Journal

Autism ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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