Enteric viruses’ dissemination in a private reserve of natural heritage

Enteric viruses’ dissemination in a private reserve of natural heritage IntroductionHundreds of human enteric viruses causing water‐related diseases with significant public health impacts reach surface waters by discharge of untreated sewage into those matrices. High viral shedding in faeces of infected individuals (up to 1011 virus particles per gram of stool) as well as resistance to adverse environmental conditions make viruses important environmental contaminants (Bosch et al. ).Enteric viruses have been used as markers of human faecal contamination since demonstrated that the standard bacterial indicators routinely used in the evaluation of water quality can fail to predict the risk for viral waterborne infections (Wyn‐Jones et al. ; Hewitt et al. ). As sensitive indicators, viruses’ detection could help proper management of water resources by identifying sources of contamination, mainly when quantification of bacteriological parameters is compliant with current microbiological standards (Girones and Bofill‐Mas ; Rusiñol et al. ; Vieira et al. ).This study aims to use those markers to demonstrate the anthropogenic impact of a settlement placed around a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH) located on Pantanal, the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystem in the centre of South America. Pantanal is recognized as a World Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (World Heritage Committee ). Located in the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Letters in Applied Microbiology Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 The Society for Applied Microbiology
ISSN
0266-8254
eISSN
1472-765X
D.O.I.
10.1111/lam.12848
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionHundreds of human enteric viruses causing water‐related diseases with significant public health impacts reach surface waters by discharge of untreated sewage into those matrices. High viral shedding in faeces of infected individuals (up to 1011 virus particles per gram of stool) as well as resistance to adverse environmental conditions make viruses important environmental contaminants (Bosch et al. ).Enteric viruses have been used as markers of human faecal contamination since demonstrated that the standard bacterial indicators routinely used in the evaluation of water quality can fail to predict the risk for viral waterborne infections (Wyn‐Jones et al. ; Hewitt et al. ). As sensitive indicators, viruses’ detection could help proper management of water resources by identifying sources of contamination, mainly when quantification of bacteriological parameters is compliant with current microbiological standards (Girones and Bofill‐Mas ; Rusiñol et al. ; Vieira et al. ).This study aims to use those markers to demonstrate the anthropogenic impact of a settlement placed around a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (PRNH) located on Pantanal, the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystem in the centre of South America. Pantanal is recognized as a World Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (World Heritage Committee ). Located in the

Journal

Letters in Applied MicrobiologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

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