Endothelial Piezo1 channels as sensors of exercise

Endothelial Piezo1 channels as sensors of exercise Piezo1 channels are newly discovered ion channels which have come to the fore as players in endothelial biology. They have a key role as sensors of shear stress, a frictional force which arises in vascular biology because of blood flow. Endothelial Piezo1 channels are critical in murine embryonic development, just after the heart starts to beat and drive blood into the nascent endothelial network. In contrast they are not critical at the adult stage but they are important for performance in whole body physical activity where they have a vascular bed‐specific effect to cause mesenteric resistance artery vasoconstriction, achieved through opposition to the vasodilatory mechanism of endothelium‐derived hyperpolarization. These are our first insights into the relevance of endothelial Piezo1 channels and there is clearly much more to be done to understand the significance and underlying molecular mechanisms. The suggestion that they constitute an exercise sensor by virtue of their shear stress‐sensing capability is intriguing and could open the way to better understanding of the molecular basis of the response to exercise and determination of how the health benefits of exercise arise. Enhanced Piezo1 channel activity has been demonstrated in response to the Yoda1 molecule and this suggests the possibility for developing tools which probe and manipulate this aspect of the exercise system. Whether such agents might progress to ‘exercise pills’ and whether the existence of such pills would be desirable are matters for further work and debate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Physiology Wiley

Endothelial Piezo1 channels as sensors of exercise

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/endothelial-piezo1-channels-as-sensors-of-exercise-38hq6lfPEv
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Journal compilation © 2018 The Physiological Society
ISSN
0022-3751
eISSN
1469-7793
D.O.I.
10.1113/JP274396
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Piezo1 channels are newly discovered ion channels which have come to the fore as players in endothelial biology. They have a key role as sensors of shear stress, a frictional force which arises in vascular biology because of blood flow. Endothelial Piezo1 channels are critical in murine embryonic development, just after the heart starts to beat and drive blood into the nascent endothelial network. In contrast they are not critical at the adult stage but they are important for performance in whole body physical activity where they have a vascular bed‐specific effect to cause mesenteric resistance artery vasoconstriction, achieved through opposition to the vasodilatory mechanism of endothelium‐derived hyperpolarization. These are our first insights into the relevance of endothelial Piezo1 channels and there is clearly much more to be done to understand the significance and underlying molecular mechanisms. The suggestion that they constitute an exercise sensor by virtue of their shear stress‐sensing capability is intriguing and could open the way to better understanding of the molecular basis of the response to exercise and determination of how the health benefits of exercise arise. Enhanced Piezo1 channel activity has been demonstrated in response to the Yoda1 molecule and this suggests the possibility for developing tools which probe and manipulate this aspect of the exercise system. Whether such agents might progress to ‘exercise pills’ and whether the existence of such pills would be desirable are matters for further work and debate.

Journal

The Journal of PhysiologyWiley

Published: Jan 15, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off