Elephant population trends in Kenya: 1977–1981

Elephant population trends in Kenya: 1977–1981 Summary Population estimates and distributions of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in the entire Kenya rangelands was obtained using light aircraft during the period 1977–1981. The population of elephants for the whole of Kenya was 75,300 ± 5000 in 1977, 55,300 ± 5000 in 1978 and 51,200 ± 5000 in 1980–1981. The ratio of live to dead elephants decreased from 4‐0: 1 in 1977 to 2‐0:1 in 1978 and 1.27: 1 in 1980–1981; an indication of rapid rise in elephant mortality. All except 7500 ± 2500 of these elephants were on the rangelands (500,000 km2), especially in the Hola, Ijara, Tsavo, Mtito Andei, Jipe and Lamu eco‐units. Their numbers were also relatively high in Meru, Laikipia and Mara eco‐units. The 7500 ± 2500 elephants occurring outside the rangelands were mainly found in the Aberdare and the Mt Kenya National Parks, Mt Elgon and the Mau Forest. Although the rapid downward trend in elephant numbers slowed down between 1978 and 1980–1981, there is still an urgent need for stringent conservation measures to be instituted. RÉSUMEÉ Des estimations de population et les distributions de l'éléphant africain (Loxodonta africana) sur l'entièreté du territoire du Kenya furent obtenues par l'utilisation d'un avion léger durant la période 1977–1981. La population d'éléphants pour le Kenya entier était de 75,300 ± 5000 en 1977, 55,300 ± 5000 en 1978 et 51,200 ± 5000 en 1980–1981. Le rapport éléphants vivants/éléphants morts décroǐt de 4.0:1 en 1977 à 2.0:1 en 1978 et àl.27:l en 1980–1981, ce qui indique une augmentation rapide de la mortalitè. A part 7500 ± 2500 éléphants, tous étaient dans les rangelands (500,000 km2), spécialement dans les régions de Hola, Ijara, Tsavo, Mtito Andei, Jipe et Lamu. Leur nombre était aussi relativement élevé dans les unités écologiques de Meru, Laikipia et Mara. Les 7500 ± 2500 éléphants présents en dehors des rangelands furent observés principalement dans les Pares Nationaux d'Aberdare et du Mt Kenya, sur le Mont Elgon et dans la Forét de Mau. Malgré que la tendance dégressive rapide du nombre d'éléphants se soit ralentie entre 1978 et 1980–1981, il y a toujours un besoin urgent d'instituer des mesures de conservation drastiques. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png African Journal of Ecology Wiley

Elephant population trends in Kenya: 1977–1981

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/elephant-population-trends-in-kenya-1977-1981-inxGUg1U3V
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1987 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0141-6707
eISSN
1365-2028
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2028.1987.tb01086.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Summary Population estimates and distributions of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) in the entire Kenya rangelands was obtained using light aircraft during the period 1977–1981. The population of elephants for the whole of Kenya was 75,300 ± 5000 in 1977, 55,300 ± 5000 in 1978 and 51,200 ± 5000 in 1980–1981. The ratio of live to dead elephants decreased from 4‐0: 1 in 1977 to 2‐0:1 in 1978 and 1.27: 1 in 1980–1981; an indication of rapid rise in elephant mortality. All except 7500 ± 2500 of these elephants were on the rangelands (500,000 km2), especially in the Hola, Ijara, Tsavo, Mtito Andei, Jipe and Lamu eco‐units. Their numbers were also relatively high in Meru, Laikipia and Mara eco‐units. The 7500 ± 2500 elephants occurring outside the rangelands were mainly found in the Aberdare and the Mt Kenya National Parks, Mt Elgon and the Mau Forest. Although the rapid downward trend in elephant numbers slowed down between 1978 and 1980–1981, there is still an urgent need for stringent conservation measures to be instituted. RÉSUMEÉ Des estimations de population et les distributions de l'éléphant africain (Loxodonta africana) sur l'entièreté du territoire du Kenya furent obtenues par l'utilisation d'un avion léger durant la période 1977–1981. La population d'éléphants pour le Kenya entier était de 75,300 ± 5000 en 1977, 55,300 ± 5000 en 1978 et 51,200 ± 5000 en 1980–1981. Le rapport éléphants vivants/éléphants morts décroǐt de 4.0:1 en 1977 à 2.0:1 en 1978 et àl.27:l en 1980–1981, ce qui indique une augmentation rapide de la mortalitè. A part 7500 ± 2500 éléphants, tous étaient dans les rangelands (500,000 km2), spécialement dans les régions de Hola, Ijara, Tsavo, Mtito Andei, Jipe et Lamu. Leur nombre était aussi relativement élevé dans les unités écologiques de Meru, Laikipia et Mara. Les 7500 ± 2500 éléphants présents en dehors des rangelands furent observés principalement dans les Pares Nationaux d'Aberdare et du Mt Kenya, sur le Mont Elgon et dans la Forét de Mau. Malgré que la tendance dégressive rapide du nombre d'éléphants se soit ralentie entre 1978 et 1980–1981, il y a toujours un besoin urgent d'instituer des mesures de conservation drastiques.

Journal

African Journal of EcologyWiley

Published: Mar 1, 1987

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off