The methodology for preparing specimens in the frozen, hydrated state has been assessed using crystals and T4 bacteriophages. The methods have also been demonstrated with lambda bacteriophages, purple membrane of Halobacterium halobium and fibres of DNA. For particles dispersed in an aqueous environment, it is shown that optimum structural preservation is obtained from a thin, quench‐frozen film with the bulk aqueous medium in the vitreous state. Crystallization of the bulk water may result in solute segregation and expulsion of the specimen from the film. Contrast measurements can be used to follow directly the state of hydration of a specimen during transition from the fully hydrated to the freeze‐dried state and permit direct measurement of the water content of the specimen. By changing the concentration and composition of the aqueous medium the contrast of particles in a vitreous film can be controlled and any state of negative, positive or zero contrast may be obtained. At 100 K, frozen‐hydrated, freeze‐dried or sugar embedded crystals can withstand a three‐ to four‐fold increase in electron exposure for the same damage when compared with similar sugar‐embedded or freeze‐dried samples at room temperature.
Journal of Microscopy – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 1983
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera