Efficacy of a web‐based intervention with and without guidance for employees with risky drinking: results of a three‐arm randomized controlled trial

Efficacy of a web‐based intervention with and without guidance for employees with risky... IntroductionAlcohol consumption is an important risk factor for conditions like cancer, cardiovascular disease, and mental and behavioral disorders . It is also associated with considerable economic costs, which include sick leave and impaired productivity at work .Among a multitude of risk factors, several studies have highlighted associations between specific work‐related factors — like job strain , long work hours , and effort‐reward imbalance — and alcohol consumption. Concurrently, workplaces provide opportunities to deliver alcohol‐related interventions (e.g., via health promotion programs, alcohol policies, or screening and brief interventions) . While some studies have revealed small effects on alcohol consumption , others failed to demonstrate any beneficial effects among subjects offered such interventions relative to controls . In Germany, health insurance companies have been legally obligated to offer and reimburse for preventative measures to reduce alcohol consumption since the late eighties. As a result, a variety of public and occupational services have been established during the past decades. Still, a general problem with such services are low utilization rates . This is a common issue for both public and occupational alcohol‐related health services. Reasons for this include preferences for self‐help attempts and fears of stigmatization . It therefore would be of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Addiction Wiley

Efficacy of a web‐based intervention with and without guidance for employees with risky drinking: results of a three‐arm randomized controlled trial

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 Society for the Study of Addiction
ISSN
0965-2140
eISSN
1360-0443
D.O.I.
10.1111/add.14085
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionAlcohol consumption is an important risk factor for conditions like cancer, cardiovascular disease, and mental and behavioral disorders . It is also associated with considerable economic costs, which include sick leave and impaired productivity at work .Among a multitude of risk factors, several studies have highlighted associations between specific work‐related factors — like job strain , long work hours , and effort‐reward imbalance — and alcohol consumption. Concurrently, workplaces provide opportunities to deliver alcohol‐related interventions (e.g., via health promotion programs, alcohol policies, or screening and brief interventions) . While some studies have revealed small effects on alcohol consumption , others failed to demonstrate any beneficial effects among subjects offered such interventions relative to controls . In Germany, health insurance companies have been legally obligated to offer and reimburse for preventative measures to reduce alcohol consumption since the late eighties. As a result, a variety of public and occupational services have been established during the past decades. Still, a general problem with such services are low utilization rates . This is a common issue for both public and occupational alcohol‐related health services. Reasons for this include preferences for self‐help attempts and fears of stigmatization . It therefore would be of

Journal

AddictionWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

References

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