1INTRODUCTIONLung cancer is the leading cause of cancer‐related death worldwide, and approximately 12–15% of patients with lung cancer were classified as having small‐cell lung cancer (SCLC). Extensive‐disease (ED)‐SCLC accounts for 60–70% of all SCLC cases, and is characterized by rapid progression. The standard therapy for ED‐SCLC is systemic chemotherapy alone, which could improve the symptom in 60–90% of cases, but most of patients die of the disease within 2 years after diagnosis. Combination therapy, including etoposide in combination with cisplatin or carboplatin, has showed benefic effects in ED‐SCLC. Previous study reported that these regimens resulted in an objective tumor response rate of 73%, and median overall survival (OS) of 10 months. Despite many regimens of targeted therapies and newer chemotherapeutic agents have been developed in the past two decades, the survival outcome for ED‐SCLC patients has not been significantly improved.Amrubicin is a synthetic anthracycline that has demonstrated greater antitumor activity than doxorubicin in several human tumor xenografts implanted in nude mice. Moreover, it almost has no heart damage at cumulative doses, and has no chronic cardiotoxic effects in rabbits and dogs that are found in doxorubicin. A phase 2 study of amrubicin as first‐line therapy showed that amrubicin was
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ;
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