Abstract: Human and rat myelin preparations were incubated with varying concentrations of trypsin and plasmin to determine the effects of these proteolytic enzymes on myelin‐associated glycoprotein (MAG), basic protein, and other myelin proteins and to compare the effects with those of the neutral protease that was reported to be endogenous in myelin. Basic protein was most susceptible to degradation by both trypsin and plasmin, whereas MAG was relatively resistant to their actions. Under the assay conditions used, the highest concentrations of trypsin and plasmin degraded > 80% of the basic protein but < 30% of the MAG, and lower concentrations caused significant loss of basic protein without appreciably affecting MAG. Neither trypsin nor plasmin caused a specific cleavage of MAG to a derivative of MAG (dMAG) in a manner analogous to the endogenous neutral protease. Thus the endogenous protease appears unique in converting human MAG to dMAG much more rapidly than it degrades basic protein. MAG is slowly degraded along with other proteins when myelin is treated with trypsin or plasmin, but it is less susceptible to their action than is basic protein.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Aug 1, 1984
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