Effects of homologues and analogues of palmitoylethanolamide upon the inactivation of the endocannabinoid anandamide

Effects of homologues and analogues of palmitoylethanolamide upon the inactivation of the... The ability of a series of homologues and analogues of palmitoylethanolamide to inhibit the uptake and fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH)‐catalysed hydrolysis of [3H]‐anandamide ([3H]‐AEA) has been investigated. Palmitoylethanolamide and homologues with chain lengths from 12–18 carbon atoms inhibited rat brain [3H]‐AEA metabolism with pI50 values of ∼5. Homologues with chain lengths eight carbon atoms gave <20% inhibition at 100 μM. R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide, palmitoylisopropylamide and oleoylethanolamide inhibited [3H]‐AEA metabolism with pI50 values of 5.39 (competitive inhibition), 4.89 (mixed type inhibition) and 5.33 (mixed type inhibition), respectively. With the exception of oleoylethanolamide, the compounds did not produce dramatic inhibition of [3H]‐WIN 55,212‐2 binding to human CB2 receptors expressed on CHO cells. Palmitoylethanolamide, palmitoylisopropylamide and R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide had modest effects upon [3H]‐CP 55,940 binding to human CB1 receptors expressed on CHO cells. Most of the compounds had little effect upon the uptake of [3H]‐AEA into C6 and/or RBL‐2H3 cells. However, palmitoylcyclohexamide (100 μM) and palmitoylisopropylamide (30 and 100 μM) produced more inhibition of [3H]‐AEA uptake than expected to result from inhibition of [3H]‐AEA metabolism alone. In intact C6 cells, palmitoylisopropylamide and oleoylethanolamide inhibited formation of [3H]‐ethanolamine from [3H]‐AEA to a similar extent as AM404, whereas palmitoylethanolamide, palmitoylcyclohexamide and R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide were less effective. These data provide useful information upon the ability of palmitoylethanolamide analogues to act as ‘entourage’ compounds. Palmitoylisopropylamide may prove useful as a template for design of compounds that reduce the cellular accumulation and metabolism of AEA without affecting either CB1 or CB2 receptors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png British Journal of Pharmacology Wiley

Effects of homologues and analogues of palmitoylethanolamide upon the inactivation of the endocannabinoid anandamide

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/effects-of-homologues-and-analogues-of-palmitoylethanolamide-upon-the-5Aaj9FW6zp
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Wiley Subscription Services
ISSN
0007-1188
eISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0704199
pmid
11498512
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The ability of a series of homologues and analogues of palmitoylethanolamide to inhibit the uptake and fatty acid amidohydrolase (FAAH)‐catalysed hydrolysis of [3H]‐anandamide ([3H]‐AEA) has been investigated. Palmitoylethanolamide and homologues with chain lengths from 12–18 carbon atoms inhibited rat brain [3H]‐AEA metabolism with pI50 values of ∼5. Homologues with chain lengths eight carbon atoms gave <20% inhibition at 100 μM. R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide, palmitoylisopropylamide and oleoylethanolamide inhibited [3H]‐AEA metabolism with pI50 values of 5.39 (competitive inhibition), 4.89 (mixed type inhibition) and 5.33 (mixed type inhibition), respectively. With the exception of oleoylethanolamide, the compounds did not produce dramatic inhibition of [3H]‐WIN 55,212‐2 binding to human CB2 receptors expressed on CHO cells. Palmitoylethanolamide, palmitoylisopropylamide and R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide had modest effects upon [3H]‐CP 55,940 binding to human CB1 receptors expressed on CHO cells. Most of the compounds had little effect upon the uptake of [3H]‐AEA into C6 and/or RBL‐2H3 cells. However, palmitoylcyclohexamide (100 μM) and palmitoylisopropylamide (30 and 100 μM) produced more inhibition of [3H]‐AEA uptake than expected to result from inhibition of [3H]‐AEA metabolism alone. In intact C6 cells, palmitoylisopropylamide and oleoylethanolamide inhibited formation of [3H]‐ethanolamine from [3H]‐AEA to a similar extent as AM404, whereas palmitoylethanolamide, palmitoylcyclohexamide and R‐palmitoyl‐(2‐methyl)ethanolamide were less effective. These data provide useful information upon the ability of palmitoylethanolamide analogues to act as ‘entourage’ compounds. Palmitoylisopropylamide may prove useful as a template for design of compounds that reduce the cellular accumulation and metabolism of AEA without affecting either CB1 or CB2 receptors.

Journal

British Journal of PharmacologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2001

Keywords: ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month