Medaka (Oryzias latipes) were continuously exposed to various concentrations of two alkylphenols, 4‐nonylphenol (NP) and 4‐tert‐octylphenol (OP), from fertilized eggs to 60 d posthatch. The effects on sexual differentiation and hepatic vitellogenin (VTG) induction in medaka were assessed to elucidate the lowest‐observed‐effect concentrations (LOECs) of NP and OP for these events during early life stages. The LOECs of NP and OP for these events were 11.6 and 11.4 μg/L, respectively. These results suggest that NP and OP may have adverse effects at similar concentrations during early life stage in medaka. Additionally, we investigated whether the abnormal sex differentiation induced by these alkylphenols would be permanent or reversible once the medaka were returned to clean water. The appearance of the secondary sex characteristics reverted from female to male when fish were returned to clean water. However, gonadal histology showed that intersex gonads still existed, even after the fish were transferred to clean water for two months. These results suggest that the induced feminization of secondary sex characteristics in medaka exposed to alkylphenols during the stage of sexual differentiation may not always be permanent, but the gonadal alteration (testisova) may continue much longer.
Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera