Medaka (Oryzias latipes) were continuously exposed to various concentrations of two alkylphenols, 4‐nonylphenol (NP) and 4‐tert‐octylphenol (OP), from fertilized eggs to 60 d posthatch. The effects on sexual differentiation and hepatic vitellogenin (VTG) induction in medaka were assessed to elucidate the lowest‐observed‐effect concentrations (LOECs) of NP and OP for these events during early life stages. The LOECs of NP and OP for these events were 11.6 and 11.4 μg/L, respectively. These results suggest that NP and OP may have adverse effects at similar concentrations during early life stage in medaka. Additionally, we investigated whether the abnormal sex differentiation induced by these alkylphenols would be permanent or reversible once the medaka were returned to clean water. The appearance of the secondary sex characteristics reverted from female to male when fish were returned to clean water. However, gonadal histology showed that intersex gonads still existed, even after the fish were transferred to clean water for two months. These results suggest that the induced feminization of secondary sex characteristics in medaka exposed to alkylphenols during the stage of sexual differentiation may not always be permanent, but the gonadal alteration (testisova) may continue much longer.
Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 2003
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