Effect of fatty acids and tocopherols on the oxidative stability of vegetable oils

Effect of fatty acids and tocopherols on the oxidative stability of vegetable oils The oxidative stability of vegetable oils is determined by their fatty acid composition and antioxidants, mainly tocopherols but also other non‐saponifiable constituents. The effect of fatty acids on stability depends mainly on their degree of unsaturation and, to a lesser degree, on the position of the unsaturated functions within the triacylglycerol molecule. Vegetable oils contain tocopherols and tocotrienols, especially α‐ and γ‐tocopherols, as their main antioxidants. The antioxidant behavior of tocopherols represents a complex phenomenon as they are efficient antioxidants at low concentrations but they gradually lose efficacy as their concentrations in the vegetable oils increase. The “loss of efficacy” of tocopherols, sometimes referred to as a “pro‐oxidant effect”, is witnessed by an increase in the rate of oxidation during the induction period, despite elongation of this phase. The phenomenon is much obvious for α‐tocopherol, but is also evident for other tocopherols. In agreement with nature's wisdom, the tocopherol levels in vegetable oils seem to be close to the optimal levels needed for the stabilization of these oils. The presence of other antioxidants in the oils, e.g. carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and Maillard reaction products, may synergize with tocopherols and minimize this loss of efficacy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology Wiley

Effect of fatty acids and tocopherols on the oxidative stability of vegetable oils

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
ISSN
1438-7697
eISSN
1438-9312
D.O.I.
10.1002/ejlt.200600090
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The oxidative stability of vegetable oils is determined by their fatty acid composition and antioxidants, mainly tocopherols but also other non‐saponifiable constituents. The effect of fatty acids on stability depends mainly on their degree of unsaturation and, to a lesser degree, on the position of the unsaturated functions within the triacylglycerol molecule. Vegetable oils contain tocopherols and tocotrienols, especially α‐ and γ‐tocopherols, as their main antioxidants. The antioxidant behavior of tocopherols represents a complex phenomenon as they are efficient antioxidants at low concentrations but they gradually lose efficacy as their concentrations in the vegetable oils increase. The “loss of efficacy” of tocopherols, sometimes referred to as a “pro‐oxidant effect”, is witnessed by an increase in the rate of oxidation during the induction period, despite elongation of this phase. The phenomenon is much obvious for α‐tocopherol, but is also evident for other tocopherols. In agreement with nature's wisdom, the tocopherol levels in vegetable oils seem to be close to the optimal levels needed for the stabilization of these oils. The presence of other antioxidants in the oils, e.g. carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and Maillard reaction products, may synergize with tocopherols and minimize this loss of efficacy.

Journal

European Journal of Lipid Science and TechnologyWiley

Published: Dec 1, 2006

References

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