Mature medaka (Oryzias latipes) were exposed to ethinylestradiol (EE2) at measured concentrations of 32.6, 63.9, 116, 261, and 488 ng/L for 21 d under flow‐through conditions. Effects on reproductive success of the fish as well as on gonadal condition and vitellogenin (VTG) induction were assessed. A significant decrease in fecundity was observed only at the highest EE2 concentration, whereas hepatic VTG concentration in males was increased at concentrations of 63.9 ng/L and greater. In addition, an intersex condition (testis‐ova) of the gonad was observed in male medaka exposed to EE2 concentrations of ≥63.9 ng/L. Overall, these results indicate that the lowest‐observed‐effect concentrations of EE2 based on reproduction versus induction of both VTG and testis‐ova in the medaka were 488 and 63.9 ng/L, respectively. Thus, the physiological and histological measurements were approximately eightfold more responsive to the EE2 exposure than were overt reproductive effects. This suggests that the elevated VTG levels and testis‐ova may not be definitely responsible for reproductive impairment of the fish.
Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry – Wiley
Published: Aug 1, 2002
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