The effect of diets enriched with fat containing different fatty acids on glucose and glutamine metabolism of mesenteric lymph nodes lymphocytes, spleen, and thymus and lymphocyte proliferation was examined. The following fat‐rich diets were tested: (1) standard chow (CC); (2) medium chain saturated fatty acids (MS)—coconut fat oil; (3) long chain saturated fatty acids (LS)—cocoa butter; (4) monounsaturated fatty acids (MU)—canola oil (n‐9); (5) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PU)—soybean oil (n‐6). Of the fat‐rich diets tested, MS was the one to present the least pronounced effect. Lymphocyte proliferation was reduced by LS (64 per cent), MU (55 per cent), and PU (60 per cent). Hexokinase activity was enhanced in lymph node lymphocytes by PU (67 per cent), in the spleen by MS (42 per cent), and in the thymus by PU (30 per cent). This enzyme activity was reduced in the spleen (33 per cent) by LS and MU (35 per cent). In the thymus, this enzyme activity was reduced by LS (26 per cent) and MU (13 per cent). Maximal phosphate‐dependent glutaminase activity was raised in lymphocytes by MS (70 per cent) and MU (20 per cent). This enzyme activity, however, was decreased in lymphocytes by PU (26 per cent), in the spleen by LS (15 per cent), and in the thymus by MU (44 per cent). Citrate synthase activity was increased in lymphocytes by MU (35 per cent), in the spleen by LS (56 per cent) and MU (68 per cent), and in the thymus by LS (42 per cent). This enzyme activity was decreased in lymphocytes by PU (24 per cent) only. (U‐14C)‐Glucose decarboxylation was raised by all fat‐rich diets; MS (88 per cent), LS (39 per cent), MU (33 per cent), and PU (50 per cent), whereas (U‐14C)‐glutamine decarboxylation was increased by LS (53 per cent) and MU (55 per cent) and decreased by MS (17 per cent). The results presented indicate that the reduction in lymphocyte proliferation due to LS, LU and PU could well be a consequence of changes in glucose and glutamine metabolism. Copyright © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Cell Biochemistry and Function – Wiley
Published: Dec 1, 1998
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera