A 3.8‐ha watershed on the west coast of New Zealand was instrumented with suction lysimeters and automatic water samplers to determine the relationship between subsurface isotopic and chemical concentrations to those of rainfall and resulting streamflow. A t test showed that ±2‰ represented a significant difference between successive sample deuterium values. Eleven rainfall episodes were subdivided into two categories: (1) two events where stream isotopic composition did not deflect >2‰ from prestorm values, and (2) four events which demonstrated new water flushing. Detailed analysis of one 47‐mm rainfall (9.8‐mm runoff) event showed that old water dominated stream water exiting the watershed by 90% using a standard two‐component hydrograph separation for deuterium (corroborated by Cl and electrical conductivity). Three‐component hydrograph separation indicated that 12–16% was in the form of soil water, with <5% as on‐channel precipitation and 80% groundwater. Analysis of over 1000 water samples revealed systematic trends in soil water and groundwater isotopic composition both in a downslope and downprofile direction. Between‐storm suction lysimeter deuterium data showed a systematic dampened response to temporally variable rainfall deuterium concentrations. Multivariate cluster analysis revealed three distinct soil water/groundwater groupings, with respect to soil depth and geographic position within the watershed. Within‐storm suction lysimeter sampling preserved similar groupings, indicating that the subsurface reservoir is poorly mixed on short time scales. Understanding subsurface mixing response to rainfall should greatly improve models of episodic stream response and partitioning of storm flow into waters of different age.
Water Resources Research – Wiley
Published: Dec 1, 1991
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera