Multimodal functional neuroimaging by combining functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) or magnetoencephalography (MEG) is able to provide high spatiotemporal resolution mapping of brain activity. However, the accuracy of fMRI‐constrained EEG/MEG source imaging may be degraded by potential spatial mismatches between the locations of fMRI activation and electrical source activities. To address this problem, we propose a novel fMRI informed time‐variant constraint (FITC) method. The weights in FITC are determined by combining the fMRI activities and electrical source activities in a time‐variant manner to reduce the impact of the fMRI extra sources. The fMRI weights are modified using cross‐talk matrix and normalized partial area under the curve to reduce the impact of fMRI missing sources. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to compare the source estimates produced by L2‐minimum norm estimation (MNE), fMRI‐weighted minimum norm estimation (fMNE), FITC, and depth‐weighted FITC (wFITC) algorithms with various spatial mismatch conditions. Localization error and temporal correlation were calculated to compare the four algorithms under different conditions. The simulation results indicated that the FITC and wFITC methods were more robust than the MNE and fMNE algorithms. Moreover, FITC and wFITC were significantly better than fMNE under the fMRI missing sources condition. A human visual‐stimulus EEG, MEG, and fMRI test was performed, and the experimental data revealed that FITC and wFITC displayed more focal areas than fMNE and MNE. In conclusion, the proposed FITC method is able to better resolve the spatial mismatch problems encountered in fMRI‐constrained EEG/MEG source imaging.
Human Brain Mapping – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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