Eastern Mediterranean Quaternary paleoclimates from pollen and isotope records of marine cores in the Nile Cone Area

Eastern Mediterranean Quaternary paleoclimates from pollen and isotope records of marine cores in... Pollen spectra from three eastern Mediterranean cores have been used to document the paleoclimates of the Levantine Basin borderlands over the last 250 kyr to establish the relationship between this regional climate data set and the global climate as recorded by foraminiferal δ18O and to compare it with proximal land pollen records. Core MD 84 642 with eight sapropels covers the last two climatic cycles up to the early Holocene, MD 84 627 with four sapropels goes back to 125 kyr, and MD 84 629 with one sapropel covers the last 70 kyr. The sedimentation rate decreases from core 629, located at the shallowest depth beneath the Nile River plume, to cores 627 and 642. During the interglacials defined by a low 18O/16O ratio, the abundance of tree pollen is maximum and points to an optimum Mediterranean climate with greatest humidity, including some summer rainfall. During glacial maxima, with highest 18O/16O ratio, the pollen abundance is high for steppe and semidesert plants and low for trees, indicating a definitely more arid, more continental, and probably colder climate. The variations of pollen abundance occur in phase with those of the foraminifer δ18O record. This signifies that the regional climate of the Levantine Basin borderlands had the same temporal pattern as the global ice volume documented by the ice volume curve. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Paleoceanography Wiley

Eastern Mediterranean Quaternary paleoclimates from pollen and isotope records of marine cores in the Nile Cone Area

Paleoceanography, Volume 10 (2) – Apr 1, 1995

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/eastern-mediterranean-quaternary-paleoclimates-from-pollen-and-isotope-q2vfiT0d8Z
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 by the American Geophysical Union.
ISSN
0883-8305
eISSN
1944-9186
D.O.I.
10.1029/94PA02672
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pollen spectra from three eastern Mediterranean cores have been used to document the paleoclimates of the Levantine Basin borderlands over the last 250 kyr to establish the relationship between this regional climate data set and the global climate as recorded by foraminiferal δ18O and to compare it with proximal land pollen records. Core MD 84 642 with eight sapropels covers the last two climatic cycles up to the early Holocene, MD 84 627 with four sapropels goes back to 125 kyr, and MD 84 629 with one sapropel covers the last 70 kyr. The sedimentation rate decreases from core 629, located at the shallowest depth beneath the Nile River plume, to cores 627 and 642. During the interglacials defined by a low 18O/16O ratio, the abundance of tree pollen is maximum and points to an optimum Mediterranean climate with greatest humidity, including some summer rainfall. During glacial maxima, with highest 18O/16O ratio, the pollen abundance is high for steppe and semidesert plants and low for trees, indicating a definitely more arid, more continental, and probably colder climate. The variations of pollen abundance occur in phase with those of the foraminifer δ18O record. This signifies that the regional climate of the Levantine Basin borderlands had the same temporal pattern as the global ice volume documented by the ice volume curve.

Journal

PaleoceanographyWiley

Published: Apr 1, 1995

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off