Early executive dysfunction in ASD: Simple versus complex skills

Early executive dysfunction in ASD: Simple versus complex skills IntroductionExecutive functions (EFs) are adaptive, goal directed behaviors that enable individuals to over‐ride more automatic thoughts and responses [Mesulam, ; Barkley, ]. EFs are important for everyday functioning, with early EF skills predicting adjustment later in life [Diamond, , for a review]. Given that the foundation for EF is laid during the preschool period [Garon, Bryson, & Smith, ] and the possible involvement of EF in a variety of developmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, interest in the development of EF during this period is high [Diamond, ].While EF deficits have been found consistently in children and adults with ASD [see Hill, , for a review], findings in the preschool period have been inconsistent [Yerys, Hepburn, Pennington, & Rogers, ]. Whereas the first published studies were promising and suggested that early EF problems were evident in children with ASD, the majority of later studies with young preschoolers with ASD failed to provide evidence for EF deficits. Table a summarizes research on EF in preschoolers with ASD. Results are first divided according to chronological age (CA). Most studies with samples below the age of 5 years have not found group differences when children http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Autism Research Wiley

Early executive dysfunction in ASD: Simple versus complex skills

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
1939-3792
eISSN
1939-3806
D.O.I.
10.1002/aur.1893
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionExecutive functions (EFs) are adaptive, goal directed behaviors that enable individuals to over‐ride more automatic thoughts and responses [Mesulam, ; Barkley, ]. EFs are important for everyday functioning, with early EF skills predicting adjustment later in life [Diamond, , for a review]. Given that the foundation for EF is laid during the preschool period [Garon, Bryson, & Smith, ] and the possible involvement of EF in a variety of developmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, interest in the development of EF during this period is high [Diamond, ].While EF deficits have been found consistently in children and adults with ASD [see Hill, , for a review], findings in the preschool period have been inconsistent [Yerys, Hepburn, Pennington, & Rogers, ]. Whereas the first published studies were promising and suggested that early EF problems were evident in children with ASD, the majority of later studies with young preschoolers with ASD failed to provide evidence for EF deficits. Table a summarizes research on EF in preschoolers with ASD. Results are first divided according to chronological age (CA). Most studies with samples below the age of 5 years have not found group differences when children

Journal

Autism ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

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