INTRODUCTIONHantaviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family and Hantavirus genus. Enveloped virions have a negative‐sense, single‐stranded RNA genome consisting of S (small), M (medium), and L (large) segments.Hantaviruses are rodent‐borne but are also carried by insectivores and bats. Several members of the Hantavirus genus cause infections in humans via inhalation of viral particles found within contaminated secretions of rodents (such as saliva, urine, or faeces). Generally, each member of the genus is carried by a specific host species. Hantaviruses are known to be the causitive agent of two diseases, namely haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). These diseases are a significant public health problem in Eurasia and the Americas; following the distribution of hantavirus‐carrying rodent species. HFRS is mainly observed in Eurasia while HPS mainly occurs in America.In geographic areas where the hantavirus infections are rare, the diagnosis is very challenging due to nonspecific, flu‐like symptoms. Prevention is important due to the lack of effective antivirals. Surveillance offers important data on the infection in wildlife and hantavirus prevalence and thus facilitates prediction of possible outbreaks.The presence of hantaviruses in wild rodents in Turkey was reported for the first time in 2006. The first HFRS cases
Journal of Medical Virology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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