Distinctiveness and the salience of social category memberships: Is there an automatic perceptual bias towards novelty?

Distinctiveness and the salience of social category memberships: Is there an automatic perceptual... It was hypothesized that the effects of novelty on social category membership salience may be mediated by perceivers' current tasks, rather than by an automatic perceptual bias (Taylor and Fiske, 1978). Subjects viewed tape‐slide portrayals of mixed‐sex groups (1 male—5 females, 2M—4F, 3M—3F, 4M—2F, 5M—1F) under ‘individual’ (focus on one target person) or ‘collective’ (focus on entire stimulus group) task conditions. Results on measures of sex stereotyping strongly supported the hypothesis, indicating that ‘individual’ task subjects tended to maximize stereotyping in the 1M—5F and 5M—1F conditions whilst ‘collective’ subjects did so in the 3M‐3F condition. It is concluded that novel category memberships are not automatically prepotent in social perception, and the results are discussed in the context of a functional approach to the salience problem. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Social Psychology Wiley

Distinctiveness and the salience of social category memberships: Is there an automatic perceptual bias towards novelty?

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
ISSN
0046-2772
eISSN
1099-0992
DOI
10.1002/ejsp.2420160403
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It was hypothesized that the effects of novelty on social category membership salience may be mediated by perceivers' current tasks, rather than by an automatic perceptual bias (Taylor and Fiske, 1978). Subjects viewed tape‐slide portrayals of mixed‐sex groups (1 male—5 females, 2M—4F, 3M—3F, 4M—2F, 5M—1F) under ‘individual’ (focus on one target person) or ‘collective’ (focus on entire stimulus group) task conditions. Results on measures of sex stereotyping strongly supported the hypothesis, indicating that ‘individual’ task subjects tended to maximize stereotyping in the 1M—5F and 5M—1F conditions whilst ‘collective’ subjects did so in the 3M‐3F condition. It is concluded that novel category memberships are not automatically prepotent in social perception, and the results are discussed in the context of a functional approach to the salience problem.

Journal

European Journal of Social PsychologyWiley

Published: Oct 1, 1986

References

  • The experience of being a victim of prejudice: An experimental approach
    Dion, Dion; Earn, Earn; Yee, Yee
  • The effects of increased salience of a membership group on pain tolerance
    Lambert, Lambert; Libman, Libman; Poser, Poser
  • The St. Pauls riot: an explanation of the limits of crowd action in terms of a social identity model
    Reicher, Reicher

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