INTRODUCTIONEach year, millions of workers worldwide sustain long‐lasting or permanent occupational or non‐occupational injuries and diseases that interfere to varying degrees with their ability to work and which they define as a “disability.” The prevalence of self‐assessed disability in the general working‐age population (20‐67) in Israel has been estimated to be ∼22‐25% and involves roughly 800 000 to 1 000 000 people. Only ∼35% of these individuals are granted a disability benefit consisting of allowances mainly from the National Insurance Institute or military sources, in addition to schemes for early retirement on medical grounds provided by the pension funds. Approximately 6% of the working‐age population in Israel receives an allowance, which is comparable to percentages in other OECD countries. Their labor force participation rate, however, is significantly lower than the OECD average; that is, 22% versus 33%, respectively, with most working part‐time or under the category of supported employment. This low level of participation may be related to the amount of the allowance compared to the wages paid to these workers with disabilities, in addition to the fear of losing some or their whole allowance which is calculated on the basis of income from work.The Israeli Equal Rights of Persons with Disabilities
American Journal of Industrial Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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