Dimensions of Perfectionism, Hopelessness, and Attempted Suicide in a Sample of Alcoholics

Dimensions of Perfectionism, Hopelessness, and Attempted Suicide in a Sample of Alcoholics This study assessed whether specific dimensions of perfectionism and hopelessness were elevated in individuals who had made a serious suicide attempt in comparison to individuals with no history of suicide attempts. A sample of 39 inpatients with alcoholism who had made a serious suicide attempt and a matched sample of 39 inpatients with alcoholism but no history of suicide attempts completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Hopelessness Scale, ratings of achievement and social hopelessness, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The attempter group had higher scores on socially prescribed perfectionism, generalized hopelessness, achievement hopelessness, social hopelessness, and depression. A discriminant function analysis revealed that depression, social hopelessness, socially prescribed perfectionism, and other‐oriented perfectionism were unique discriminators of the suicide groups. The results are discussed in terms of the importance of social personality variables in attempted suicide. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior Wiley

Dimensions of Perfectionism, Hopelessness, and Attempted Suicide in a Sample of Alcoholics

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
1998 The American Association for Suicidology
ISSN
0363-0234
eISSN
1943-278X
DOI
10.1111/j.1943-278X.1998.tb00975.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study assessed whether specific dimensions of perfectionism and hopelessness were elevated in individuals who had made a serious suicide attempt in comparison to individuals with no history of suicide attempts. A sample of 39 inpatients with alcoholism who had made a serious suicide attempt and a matched sample of 39 inpatients with alcoholism but no history of suicide attempts completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Hopelessness Scale, ratings of achievement and social hopelessness, and the Beck Depression Inventory. The attempter group had higher scores on socially prescribed perfectionism, generalized hopelessness, achievement hopelessness, social hopelessness, and depression. A discriminant function analysis revealed that depression, social hopelessness, socially prescribed perfectionism, and other‐oriented perfectionism were unique discriminators of the suicide groups. The results are discussed in terms of the importance of social personality variables in attempted suicide.

Journal

Suicide and Life-Threatening BehaviorWiley

Published: Dec 1, 1998

References

  • Scale for Suicide Ideation: Psychometric properties of a self‐report version
    Beck, Beck; Steer, Steer; Ranieri, Ranieri
  • The prediction of suicide
    Goldstein, Goldstein; Black, Black; Nasrallah, Nasrallah; Winokur, Winokur
  • Perfectionism and suicide potential
    Hewitt, Hewitt; Flett, Flett; Turnbull‐Donovan, Turnbull‐Donovan
  • Negative attributional style for interpersonal events and the occurrence of severe interpersonal disruptions as predictors of self‐reported suicidal ideation
    Joiner, Joiner; Rudd, Rudd
  • Differentiation of generalized anxiety and depression disorders by the Beck Depression Inventory
    Steer, Steer; Beck, Beck; Riskind, Riskind; Brown, Brown

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