Transmembrane glycoproteins, synthesized at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), generally reach the Golgi apparatus in COPII‐coated vesicles en route to the cell surface. Here, we show that the bona fide nonglycoprotein Nox5, a transmembrane superoxide‐producing NADPH oxidase, is transported to the cell surface in a manner resistant to co‐expression of Sar1 (H79G), a GTP‐fixed mutant of the small GTPase Sar1, which blocks COPII vesicle fission from the ER. In contrast, Sar1 (H79G) effectively inhibits ER‐to‐Golgi transport of glycoproteins including the Nox5‐related oxidase Nox2. The trafficking of Nox2, but not that of Nox5, is highly sensitive to over‐expression of syntaxin 5 (Stx5), a t‐SNARE required for COPII ER‐to‐Golgi transport. Thus, Nox2 and Nox5 mainly traffic via the Sar1/Stx5‐dependent and ‐independent pathways, respectively. Both participate in Nox1 trafficking, as Nox1 advances to the cell surface in two differentially N‐glycosylated forms, one complex and one high mannose, in a Sar1/Stx5‐dependent and ‐independent manner, respectively. Nox2 and Nox5 also can use both pathways: a glycosylation‐defective mutant Nox2 is weakly recruited to the plasma membrane in a less Sar1‐dependent manner; N‐glycosylated Nox5 mutants reach the cell surface in part as the complex form Sar1‐dependently, albeit mainly as the high‐mannose form in a Sar1‐independent manner.
Genes to Cells – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
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