Introduction Justinian the Great (527–565 ce , Fig. 1 ) was one of the most cultured and learned emperors of his era, with a wide range of political aims. The restoration of a universal Roman Empire, a constant dream of Byzantium, was realized during his reign. After successful battles, Justinian occupied the kingdoms of the Vandals and Ostrogoths in Africa and Italy respectively, and the lands of the Visigoths in Spain. After his campaigns, the Mediterranean was once more a Roman lake, because the greater part of north Africa, part of Spain, Italy, and the Mediterranean islands were brought under the scepter of the Roman Emperor of Constantinople. In the east, a peace treaty was signed with the Persian king, Chosroes I. Despite his occupation with war, Justinian devoted time to matters of internal administration, to ensure domestic peace, crushing the fearsome “revolt of Nika” which broke out against him in Constantinople in 532. At the same time he expanded trade, especially in silk, with the far eastern states of China and India and introduced and developed the silk industry in his empire. Concurrently, he codified the Roman law, the most notable achievement of his reign. From his
International Journal of Dermatology – Wiley
Published: Oct 1, 1999
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