Developing control algorithms of a voluntary cough for an artificial bioengineered larynx using surface electromyography of chest muscles: A prospective cohort study

Developing control algorithms of a voluntary cough for an artificial bioengineered larynx using... KeypointsThe development of an artificial bioengineered larynx will undoubtedly alleviate suffering and restore the quality of life to a great extend for those who have lost their own larynx due to trauma or cancer.This prospective cohort study investigates the prediction of a voluntary cough using surface electromyography (EMG) of intercostal and diaphragm muscles, in order to develop control algorithms for an EMG controlled artificial larynx.Most voluntary coughs can be predicted based on combined EMG signals of intercostal and diaphragm muscles and therefore these two muscle groups will be useful in controlling the bioengineered vocal cords within the artificial larynx during a voluntary cough.INTRODUCTIONTotal laryngectomy remains the mainstay of treatment for intermediate‐ to advanced‐stage laryngeal cancer. Due to the impact of this type of surgery on social, emotional and psychological well‐being, alternative treatments have been sought in order to improve standard care. Organ‐preserving chemoradiotherapy plays an important role in the management of laryngeal carcinoma but is confined to early‐ and intermediate‐stage cancers, and the outcomes of this treatment can be just as poor as those for total laryngectomy.The development of an artificial bioengineered larynx that can alleviate this suffering and restore the quality of life (QoL) is very desirable. Artificial http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Otolaryngology Wiley

Developing control algorithms of a voluntary cough for an artificial bioengineered larynx using surface electromyography of chest muscles: A prospective cohort study

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
1749-4478
eISSN
1749-4486
D.O.I.
10.1111/coa.13022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

KeypointsThe development of an artificial bioengineered larynx will undoubtedly alleviate suffering and restore the quality of life to a great extend for those who have lost their own larynx due to trauma or cancer.This prospective cohort study investigates the prediction of a voluntary cough using surface electromyography (EMG) of intercostal and diaphragm muscles, in order to develop control algorithms for an EMG controlled artificial larynx.Most voluntary coughs can be predicted based on combined EMG signals of intercostal and diaphragm muscles and therefore these two muscle groups will be useful in controlling the bioengineered vocal cords within the artificial larynx during a voluntary cough.INTRODUCTIONTotal laryngectomy remains the mainstay of treatment for intermediate‐ to advanced‐stage laryngeal cancer. Due to the impact of this type of surgery on social, emotional and psychological well‐being, alternative treatments have been sought in order to improve standard care. Organ‐preserving chemoradiotherapy plays an important role in the management of laryngeal carcinoma but is confined to early‐ and intermediate‐stage cancers, and the outcomes of this treatment can be just as poor as those for total laryngectomy.The development of an artificial bioengineered larynx that can alleviate this suffering and restore the quality of life (QoL) is very desirable. Artificial

Journal

Clinical OtolaryngologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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