Determinants of a dietary pattern linked with greater metabolic risk and its tracking during adolescence

Determinants of a dietary pattern linked with greater metabolic risk and its tracking during... SignificanceWhat is already known on this subject?In this cohort, an ‘energy‐dense, high‐fat, low‐fibre’ dietary pattern during adolescence is linked with greater overall metabolic risk and this dietary pattern tracks over adolescence at the population level; however, individual level tracking of this dietary pattern and its key food groups is unknown.Although many studies have examined the influence of early‐life and parental factors on children's diet quality and health outcomes, these have not been explored in relation to a dietary pattern specifically linked with metabolic risk factors during adolescence.What this study addsUnderstanding the dietary patterns and their key food groups that are most or least likely to track, assists in identifying nutrition targets for interventions to improve adolescent diet qualityTracking was strongest among low consumers of vegetables, fruits, legumes, high‐fibre bread and yogurts, which conferred a higher score for this dietary pattern, particularly among boys.Higher z‐scores for this dietary pattern in adolescence were associated with lower maternal age at birth lower levels of maternal education, and paternal smoking.IntroductionGrowing evidence suggests that diet and lifestyle factors in childhood and adolescence impact on the risk of developing obesity, diabetes and coronary heart disease in adulthood . Therefore, understanding the stability or tracking of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics Wiley

Determinants of a dietary pattern linked with greater metabolic risk and its tracking during adolescence

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 The British Dietetic Association Ltd
ISSN
0952-3871
eISSN
1365-277X
D.O.I.
10.1111/jhn.12519
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

SignificanceWhat is already known on this subject?In this cohort, an ‘energy‐dense, high‐fat, low‐fibre’ dietary pattern during adolescence is linked with greater overall metabolic risk and this dietary pattern tracks over adolescence at the population level; however, individual level tracking of this dietary pattern and its key food groups is unknown.Although many studies have examined the influence of early‐life and parental factors on children's diet quality and health outcomes, these have not been explored in relation to a dietary pattern specifically linked with metabolic risk factors during adolescence.What this study addsUnderstanding the dietary patterns and their key food groups that are most or least likely to track, assists in identifying nutrition targets for interventions to improve adolescent diet qualityTracking was strongest among low consumers of vegetables, fruits, legumes, high‐fibre bread and yogurts, which conferred a higher score for this dietary pattern, particularly among boys.Higher z‐scores for this dietary pattern in adolescence were associated with lower maternal age at birth lower levels of maternal education, and paternal smoking.IntroductionGrowing evidence suggests that diet and lifestyle factors in childhood and adolescence impact on the risk of developing obesity, diabetes and coronary heart disease in adulthood . Therefore, understanding the stability or tracking of

Journal

Journal of Human Nutrition & DieteticsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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