Detection of trends in water quality data from records with dependent observations

Detection of trends in water quality data from records with dependent observations Classical statistical tests for trend, both parametric and nonparametric, assume independence of observations, a condition rarely encountered in time series obtained by using moderate to high sample frequencies. A method is developed for summarizing the power of the parametric t tests and the nonparametric Spearman's rho test and Mann‐Whitney's test against step and linear trends in a dimensionless ‘trend number’ which is a function of trend magnitude, standard deviation of the time series, and sample size. For the case of dependent observations, use of an equivalent independent sample size rather than the actual sample size is shown to enable use of the same trend number developed for the independent case. An important related result is the existence of an upper limit on power (trend detectability) over a fixed time horizon, regardless of the number of samples taken, for a lag 1 Markov process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Water Resources Research Wiley

Detection of trends in water quality data from records with dependent observations

Water Resources Research, Volume 12 (5) – Oct 1, 1976

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/detection-of-trends-in-water-quality-data-from-records-with-dependent-nGQ09JE0Xe
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1976 by the American Geophysical Union.
ISSN
0043-1397
eISSN
1944-7973
DOI
10.1029/WR012i005p01037
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Classical statistical tests for trend, both parametric and nonparametric, assume independence of observations, a condition rarely encountered in time series obtained by using moderate to high sample frequencies. A method is developed for summarizing the power of the parametric t tests and the nonparametric Spearman's rho test and Mann‐Whitney's test against step and linear trends in a dimensionless ‘trend number’ which is a function of trend magnitude, standard deviation of the time series, and sample size. For the case of dependent observations, use of an equivalent independent sample size rather than the actual sample size is shown to enable use of the same trend number developed for the independent case. An important related result is the existence of an upper limit on power (trend detectability) over a fixed time horizon, regardless of the number of samples taken, for a lag 1 Markov process.

Journal

Water Resources ResearchWiley

Published: Oct 1, 1976

References

  • Computer experiments with fractional Gaussian noise, 2, Rescaled ranges and spectra
    Mandelbrot, Mandelbrot; Wallis, Wallis

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off