IntroductionPlesiomonas shigelloides is an oxidase‐positive Gram‐negative‐bacterium which belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae (Janda et al. ). Plesiomonas shigelloides is primarily related to water environments, but it has also been isolated from a wide range of animals, with fish and shellfish acting as important reservoirs (Santos et al. ). It has been long considered a human pathogen of minor importance, because of its apparently low virulence, being regarded as a sporadic opportunist pathogen; moreover it can be reported as a generic Enterobacteriaceae, particularly in the absence of routine oxidase testing, which may account for the low incidence of reported cases of P. shigelloides‐associated gastroenteritis (Brenden et al. ; Janda et al. ). Human infections caused by P. shigelloides are mainly food‐borne gastrointestinal diseases, but it has been implicated in cases of systemic and miscellaneous infections, including recent reports of wound infections, cellulitis or septic abortion (Santos et al. ; Janda et al. ; Madrazo López et al. ; Pence ; Cornut et al. ).Although its role as an agent of gastrointestinal disease has been controversial, it is now considered an enteropathogen, than can be transmitted to humans by food and water sources (Janda et al. ). Several outbreaks involving food commodities are recorded in the medical literature (Tsukamoto et al.
Letters in Applied Microbiology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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