In the current study, we present the synthesis of novel low cost bio‐polyurethane compositions with variable mechanical properties based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications. A detailed investigation of the physicochemical properties of the polymer was carried out by using mechanical testing, ATR‐FTIR, and X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Polymers were also tested in short term in‐vitro cell culture with human mesenchymal stem cells to evaluate their biocompatibility for potential applications as biomaterial. FTIR analysis confirmed the synthesis of castor oil and glycerol based PU polymers. FTIR also showed that the addition of glycerol as co‐polyol increases crosslinking within the polymer backbone hence enhancing the bulk mechanical properties of the polymer. XPS data showed that glycerol incorporation leads to an enrichment of oxidized organic species on the surface of the polymers. Preliminary investigation into in vitro biocompatibility showed that serum protein adsorption can be controlled by varying the glycerol content with polymer backbone. An alamar blue assay looking at the metabolic activity of the cells indicated that castor oil based PU and its variants containing glycerol are non‐toxic to the cells. This study opens an avenue for using low cost bio‐polyurethane based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications.
Biopolymers – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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