An interpretation of Northern Apennine geology is presented which relates the temporal and spatial occurrence of both compressional and extensional deformation features in terms of the changing dynamic evolution within an accretionary wedge, after a model proposed by Platt (1986), followed by the initiation and development of continental rifting. During Cretaceous to Eocene time an accretionary wedge formed as remnant Tethyan oceanic crust subducted beneath the rotating Corsica‐Sardinia microplate. Microplate collision during the Oligocene was characterized by the rapid imbrication of buoyant continental crust of the Italian continental margin, the record of which is preserved within the duplex structure geometry of the Alpi Apuane region. The overthickened wedge geometry returned to a more stable configuration by developing extensional features during the Miocene: both listric normal faults at upper‐crustal levels and shear zones indicating evidence of distributed ductile extensional strain at mid‐crustal levels are recorded. It is proposed that large‐scale regional extension with associated volcanism beginning in the Messinian was represented by the intrusion of asthenospheric material from the subducted plate into the already attenuated accretionary complex. Further rifting, perhaps aided by subduction and back arc processes in the Southern Apennines, led to the formation of the Tyrrhenian Sea as an oceanic basin. Both the Apennines and North American core complexes record evidence of crustal thickening followed by crustal thinning, and finally of continental rifting. This suggests that the similar histories of these regions with vastly different plate tectonic settings may both be explained by processes linked to the changing internal dynamics of accretionary wedges.
Tectonics – Wiley
Published: Dec 1, 1990
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera