IntroductionSmoking is the greatest avoidable cause of mortality and morbidity, and a major public health problem in the United Kingdom . Half of smokers will die prematurely due to smoking‐related disease, such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or coronary heart disease (CHD), and lose an average of 8 years of life . The prevalence of smoking in the United Kingdom has dropped from 45% in the 1960s to 19% in 2013; however, the reduction has slowed during the past 5 years . The NHS spends more than £5 billion a year on treating smoking‐related diseases, and the societal cost of smoking is approximately £14 billion a year when loss of productivity and economic output due to smoking‐related illness and premature death are taken into account .Government‐funded specialist smoking cessation services, now known as the NHS Stop Smoking Services (SSSs), were established by Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) throughout England in 2000 . The SSSs provide free, tailored support to all smokers willing to quit, providing a combination of recommended stop smoking pharmacotherapies [nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), bupropion and varenicline] and behavioural support (e.g. group or one‐to‐one support). Among smokers who set a quit date through the SSSs,
Addiction – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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