CONFUSIONâ MARY L. TENOPYR American Telephone and Telegraph Company T H Econfusion between content validity and construct validity runs rampant in psychology today. Possibly nothing has highlighted this confusion so much as the various efforts to develop guidelines on test validation. For example, in the various drafts of the pending Equal Employment Opportunity Coordinating Council U niform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures there appears a statement to the effect that content validity alone is not sufficient justification for tests intended to measure psychological processes. Yet are all tests not intended to measure processes or constructs? Is not, for example, the ability to type a construct? Standards f o r Educational and Psychological Tests (American Psychological Association, 1974) gives general definitions of various aspects of validity, but unfortunately, emphasizes the interrelatedness of the various aspects of validity-criterion-related, content, and construct and does not appear to draw the warranted distinctions among these aspects. Thus, there is inadequate professional guidance to which to refer when one wishes to compare the various aspects of validity. The distinction between criterion-related validity and the other aspects of validity is not so clear as one might wish. However, it appears t o be the distinction
Personnel Psychology – Wiley
Published: Mar 1, 1977
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