INTRODUCTIONThe landscape of direct‐to‐consumer (DTC) genomics is continuously evolving. Several companies offer DTC ancestry testing for genealogy purposes, including Family Tree DNA, AncestryDNA, and 23andMe (Kirkpatrick & Rashkin, ). Raw DNA data files are available from these and other companies that can be transferred to third‐party online sites for further interpretation, including interpretation for health purposes (Bettinger, ; 23andyou.com). Third‐party sites include companies such as Promethease, which is a literature retrieval service (based on literature cited in the SNPedia wiki), that creates personal DNA reports for $5. Other sites offer services to interpret a range of health conditions which vary in price and service (e.g., Genetic Genie, Genomapp, Interpretome, LiveWello).Following the cease and desist letter from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to 23andMe in late 2013, which ordered the company to discontinue marketing of the Personal Genome Service (PGS) and led to the 23andMe's decision to remove health information in their genetic reports, consumers who were interested in health information could seek out third‐party online sites to fulfill this need. As such, raw DNA interpretation companies saw a growth in the demand for these services (Bettinger, ; Cariaso & Lennon, ; Regalado, ).Direct‐to‐consumer companies such as 23andMe will
Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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