Comprehensive mutation analysis of GLDC , AMT , and GCSH in nonketotic hyperglycinemia

Comprehensive mutation analysis of GLDC , AMT , and GCSH in nonketotic hyperglycinemia Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by accumulation of glycine in body fluids and various neurological symptoms. NKH is caused by deficiency of the glycine cleavage multi‐enzyme system with three specific components encoded by GLDC, AMT, and GCSH. We undertook the first comprehensive screening for GLDC, AMT, and GCSH mutations in 69 families (56, six, and seven families with neonatal, infantile, and late‐onset type NKH, respectively). GLDC or AMT mutations were identified in 75% of neonatal and 83% of infantile families, but not in late‐onset type NKH. No GCSH mutation was identified in this study. GLDC mutations were identified in 36 families, and AMT mutations were detected in 11 families. In 16 of the 36 families with GLDC mutations, mutations were identified in only one allele despite sequencing of the entire coding regions. The GLDC gene consists of 25 exons. Seven of the 32 GLDC missense mutations were clustered in exon 19, which encodes the cofactor‐binding site Lys754. A large deletion involving exon 1 of the GLDC gene was found in Caucasian, Oriental, and black families. Multiple origins of the exon 1 deletion were suggested by haplotype analysis with four GLDC polymorphisms. This study provides a comprehensive picture of the genetic background of NKH as it is known to date. Hum Mutat 27(4), 343–352, 2006. © 2006 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Mutation Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
1059-7794
eISSN
1098-1004
DOI
10.1002/humu.20293
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by accumulation of glycine in body fluids and various neurological symptoms. NKH is caused by deficiency of the glycine cleavage multi‐enzyme system with three specific components encoded by GLDC, AMT, and GCSH. We undertook the first comprehensive screening for GLDC, AMT, and GCSH mutations in 69 families (56, six, and seven families with neonatal, infantile, and late‐onset type NKH, respectively). GLDC or AMT mutations were identified in 75% of neonatal and 83% of infantile families, but not in late‐onset type NKH. No GCSH mutation was identified in this study. GLDC mutations were identified in 36 families, and AMT mutations were detected in 11 families. In 16 of the 36 families with GLDC mutations, mutations were identified in only one allele despite sequencing of the entire coding regions. The GLDC gene consists of 25 exons. Seven of the 32 GLDC missense mutations were clustered in exon 19, which encodes the cofactor‐binding site Lys754. A large deletion involving exon 1 of the GLDC gene was found in Caucasian, Oriental, and black families. Multiple origins of the exon 1 deletion were suggested by haplotype analysis with four GLDC polymorphisms. This study provides a comprehensive picture of the genetic background of NKH as it is known to date. Hum Mutat 27(4), 343–352, 2006. © 2006 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Journal

Human MutationWiley

Published: Apr 1, 2006

Keywords: GLDC; AMT; GCSH; glycine encephalopathy; nonketotic hyperglycinemia; NKH; glycine cleavage system; mutation spectrum; genotype–phenotype

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