10.1002/jcp.1041400313.abs The apparent kinetics of uptake of various model substrates were examined for hepatocytes in suspension and primary culture up to 72 h. The ability of hepatocytes to take up taurocholate and ouabain was decreased in culture. Vmax for uptake of both substrates diminished rapidly with increasing time in culture. An increase in Km was observed in cultures 6 h after plating, but there was no further change with prolongation of culture time. The decrease of uptake of taurocholate and ouabain during culture may be due to the reduction in the number of transport carriers plus a decrease of affinity of the carrier to substrates. The nonsaturable component of cadmium uptake was much reduced in cultured cells compared with the suspensions. The saturable process was lower in 6 h culture but increased to a level comparable with the fresh cells at longer culture time. No significant change was found in the Km between suspensions and cultures. Uptake of alpha‐aminoisobutyric acid was greater in culture while that of 3‐O‐methyl‐D‐glucose was relatively stable but about one‐half that found in cell suspension. Thus, uptake of two substrates, taurocholate and ouabain, is clearly compromised with increasing time in primary culture, while uptake of the other substrates does not reflect such a dramatic decrease. It is therefore apparent that the cell preparation of choice in uptake studies depends on the substrate and the nature of the experiments.
Journal of Cellular Physiology – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1989
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