Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies

Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies IntroductionFood allergy is defined as a reproducible adverse immune response to a food . The prevalence of food allergy in Europe across all ages is estimated to be 0.6–6%, dependent on method of diagnosis . Eight foods (cows’ milk, hens’ egg, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, fish and shellfish) account for more than 90% of childhood cases of food allergy . Typically, adult food allergy is caused by a more diverse range of foods, including fruit and vegetables, and may present differently than in children. At present, there is no cure available and management requires the individual to consume an exclusion diet avoiding the causative allergen. Therefore, the main goals in the management of food allergy are to avoid the offending food(s), at the same time as providing an adequate, healthy and nutritionally balanced diet .A number of studies have investigated the diets of infants and children with milk and multiple food allergies, demonstrating differences in protein, calcium, zinc, vitamin D and iron intakes . Additionally, research has shown that infants and children with cows’ milk allergy (CMA) or multiple food allergies (i.e. to a combination of to milk, egg, wheat, soya, fish tree nut and/or peanut) are at http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics Wiley

Comparison of nutrient intake in adolescents and adults with and without food allergies

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 The British Dietetic Association Ltd
ISSN
0952-3871
eISSN
1365-277X
D.O.I.
10.1111/jhn.12495
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionFood allergy is defined as a reproducible adverse immune response to a food . The prevalence of food allergy in Europe across all ages is estimated to be 0.6–6%, dependent on method of diagnosis . Eight foods (cows’ milk, hens’ egg, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, fish and shellfish) account for more than 90% of childhood cases of food allergy . Typically, adult food allergy is caused by a more diverse range of foods, including fruit and vegetables, and may present differently than in children. At present, there is no cure available and management requires the individual to consume an exclusion diet avoiding the causative allergen. Therefore, the main goals in the management of food allergy are to avoid the offending food(s), at the same time as providing an adequate, healthy and nutritionally balanced diet .A number of studies have investigated the diets of infants and children with milk and multiple food allergies, demonstrating differences in protein, calcium, zinc, vitamin D and iron intakes . Additionally, research has shown that infants and children with cows’ milk allergy (CMA) or multiple food allergies (i.e. to a combination of to milk, egg, wheat, soya, fish tree nut and/or peanut) are at

Journal

Journal of Human Nutrition & DieteticsWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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