IntroductionFood allergy is defined as a reproducible adverse immune response to a food . The prevalence of food allergy in Europe across all ages is estimated to be 0.6–6%, dependent on method of diagnosis . Eight foods (cows’ milk, hens’ egg, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, fish and shellfish) account for more than 90% of childhood cases of food allergy . Typically, adult food allergy is caused by a more diverse range of foods, including fruit and vegetables, and may present differently than in children. At present, there is no cure available and management requires the individual to consume an exclusion diet avoiding the causative allergen. Therefore, the main goals in the management of food allergy are to avoid the offending food(s), at the same time as providing an adequate, healthy and nutritionally balanced diet .A number of studies have investigated the diets of infants and children with milk and multiple food allergies, demonstrating differences in protein, calcium, zinc, vitamin D and iron intakes . Additionally, research has shown that infants and children with cows’ milk allergy (CMA) or multiple food allergies (i.e. to a combination of to milk, egg, wheat, soya, fish tree nut and/or peanut) are at
Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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