Comparison of mucosal adhesion and species identification of bifidobacteria isolated from healthy and allergic infants

Comparison of mucosal adhesion and species identification of bifidobacteria isolated from healthy... Fifty bifidobacteria strains were isolated from fecal samples of allergic and age matched healthy infants. Allergic infants were found to have an adult type Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium adolescentis. Healthy infants had a typical infant Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium bifidum. These isolates were tested for their adhesive properties to human intestinal mucus. The adhesion of the fecal bifidobacteria from healthy infants was significantly higher (P<0.0001) than for allergic infants. This suggests a correlation between allergic disease and the composition of the intestinal bifidobacteria flora which has reduced adhesive abilities to the intestinal mucus. Therefore, dietary supplementation of bifidobacteria typical for healthy infants, may be beneficial in the treatment of allergic disorders. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pathogens and Disease Wiley

Comparison of mucosal adhesion and species identification of bifidobacteria isolated from healthy and allergic infants

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0928-8244
eISSN
2049-632X
DOI
10.1111/j.1574-695X.2001.tb01548.x
pmid
11172990
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fifty bifidobacteria strains were isolated from fecal samples of allergic and age matched healthy infants. Allergic infants were found to have an adult type Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium adolescentis. Healthy infants had a typical infant Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium bifidum. These isolates were tested for their adhesive properties to human intestinal mucus. The adhesion of the fecal bifidobacteria from healthy infants was significantly higher (P<0.0001) than for allergic infants. This suggests a correlation between allergic disease and the composition of the intestinal bifidobacteria flora which has reduced adhesive abilities to the intestinal mucus. Therefore, dietary supplementation of bifidobacteria typical for healthy infants, may be beneficial in the treatment of allergic disorders.

Journal

Pathogens and DiseaseWiley

Published: Feb 1, 2001

References

  • Bifidobacteria and their role in human health
    Mitsuoka, Mitsuoka
  • The intestinal microflora in allergic Estonian and Swedish 2‐year‐old children
    Björkstén, Björkstén; Naaber, Naaber; Sepp, Sepp; Mikelsaar, Mikelsaar
  • Atopic dermatitis in infants and children
    Hanifin, Hanifin

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